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09.06.2021 (11:00)

Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring in Syrian Arab Republic (June 9, 2021)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, 297 refugees (including 80 women and 137 children) have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of Lebanon through the Jaydet-Yabus and tell-Kalah checkpoints.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 673,284 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

  • from Lebanon – 278,036 people. (including: women – 82,485, children – 139,681), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 166,960, tell-Kalah – 104,042, Zemrani – 4,346, al-Dabusiya – 1,834, al-Qusayr – 854;
  • from Jordan through the checkpoint Nasib – 395,248 people. (women-118,618, children-201,569).

As of May 31, 2021, there are 6,755,749 Syrian refugees in 43 countries (Turkey – 3,671,761, Lebanon – 855,172, Jordan – 665,834, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 245,953, Egypt – 131,235, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).

An estimated 1,297,168 Syrians from fifteen countries (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24) expressed a desire to return to their homeland.

From September 30, 2015, to Syria from the territories of foreign states returned 902,564 people. (including: women – 254,158, children – 431,678).

Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:

  • five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
  • one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
  • five on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic (Salhiyah, Jleb, Saraqib, Miznaz, Abu Azeidin);
  • one CP at Damascus international airport;
  • one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that no Syrians returned back to:

There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir ez-Zor province). Since August 25, 2018, 89,265 people have returned (including: women-27,847, children-29,739), and 2,482 vehicles have been withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province).  In total, 23,960 people have returned since February 19, 2019. (women - 6,557, children - 11,313), 1,812 units of equipment were withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp.  In total, 20,141 people left the camp since March 23, 2019 (women - 5,736, children - 9,987), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. A total of 46,801 people have left the zone since March 4, 2018. (including: women – 15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone. (including: women-687, children-761), 63 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,356,918 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (414,096 women, 674,128 children). Since January 1, 2019, 88,322 IDPs (29,480 women, 30,362 children).

Cities and towns ready to receive refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees 

in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

One transformer station in Aleppo (Aleppo province) and power supply to grain storage facilities in Izra (Daraa  province) have been restored per day.

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Kairouan and Muraywid (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

  • Kairun-tractors, dump trucks, 12 windows, 6 cubic meters of bricks, 4 cubic meters of cement, 3 tons of construction fittings, 500 kg of finishing materials, 180 m of water pipes, 750 m of electric cable for the restoration of four residential buildings and a medical center;
  • Mureved-excavator, dump truck, mobile drilling rig, 11 windows, 5 cubic meters of bricks, 4 cubic meters of cement, 2.5 tons of construction fittings, 350 kg of finishing materials, 160 m of water pipes, 540 m of electrical cable for the restoration of three residential buildings, a medical center.

The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of public works and housing construction to obtain construction materials for the restoration of objects.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

  • 986 educational and 255 medical institutions, 4,958 residential buildings, 26 km of water supply networks, 6 wells with drinking water were restored; 3 cultural and leisure facilities; 3 office buildings; 0.1 km of sidewalk;
  • six road bridges and 1,770.04 km of roads were repaired;
  • 1,462.42 km of power lines were laid (0.4 km per day);
  • 267 water supply facilities, 323 bakeries, 825 electrical substations, three gas stations, and 14,454 industrial enterprises were put into operation.

Currently, in 345 localities in the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, Suwayda, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,615 residential buildings, 218 schools, 178 preschool institutions, 241 medical institutions, 212 bakeries, 182 electrical substations, 260 water pumping stations and 86 religious buildings.

Humanitarian and medical assistance 

Over the past day, the Russian side has carried out one humanitarian action in Mazlum (Deir ez-Zor province) during which 310 food packages with a total weight of 1.249 tons were issued to the needy residents of Syria.

In total, 2,903 humanitarian actions were organized and conducted. 5,102.81 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.

Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.

In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.

Mine Clearance

Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out mine clearance tasks in Douma (Damascus province) Daraa and Usman (Daraa province) during the day.

13,2 hectares of the territory were cleared. 13 explosive objects (ED) were found and destroyed.

Total cleared: 3,795.5 hectares of territory, 3,112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads. 42,836 EDs were found and destroyed, including 5,681 IEDs

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland. 

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held no working meetings to discuss rehabilitation of social infrastructure, and creation of environment favourable for returnees.

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