Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring in Syrian Arab Republic (May 3, 2021)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, 288 refugees (including: 87 women and 147 children) have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of Lebanon through the Jaydet-Yabus and Tell-Kalah checkpoints.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint.
In total, since July 18, 2018, 662,212 people have returned from the territories of foreign states, including:
- from Lebanon-266,964 people (including: women-80,246, children-135,878), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 160,318, Tell-Kalah - 99,612, Zemrani - 4,346, Al-Dabusiya - 1,834, Al-Qusayr - 854;
- from Jordan through the checkpoint Nasib – 395 248 people (including: women – 118 618, children – 201 569).
As of April 14, 2021, there are 6,749,518 Syrian refugees in 43 countries (Turkey – 3,670,069, Lebanon – 855,172, Jordan – 665,404, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 244,760, Egypt – 131,235, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).
An estimated 1,297,168 Syrians from fifteen countries (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24) expressed a desire to return to their homeland.
Since September 30, 2015, a total of 891,492 people have returned to Syria from the territories of foreign states (including: women-267,522, children-454,369).
Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:
- on the Syrian-Lebanese border – five (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, Al-Dabusiya, Tell-Kalah, Al-Qusayr);
- on the Syrian-Jordanian border – one (Nasib);
- on the territory of Syria – five (Salhiyah, Jleb, Serakab, Miznaz, Abo-Azeidin);
- air – one (the Duval);
- marine-one (Banias).
The Syrian leadership is taking active steps to improve the efficiency of the process of returning Syrian refugees from the territories of foreign states.
Three refugees returned to their places of permanent residence during the day.
There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir-ez-Zor province). In total, since August 25, 2018, 86,519 people have returned (including: women-33,425, children-32,110), 2,482 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
Three refugees returned through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). In total, since February 19, 2019, 23,928 people have returned (including: women – 6,571, children-11,341), 1,812 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
Three refugees returned from the Rukban camp. In total, since March 23, 2019, 20,116 people have left the camp (including: women – 5,729, children-9,979), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. In total, since March 4, 2018, 46,801 people have left the zone (including: women-15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone (including: 687 women, 761 children), 63 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
In total, since September 30, 2015, 1,354,140 internally displaced persons have returned to their places of permanent residence (including: women – 414,240, children – 675,126), since January 1, 2019 – 85,544 people (including: women – 31,681, children – 31,360).
Cities and towns ready to receive refugees
Reception and accommodation facilities for 1,502,650 refugees have been set up in 413 localities least affected by the hostilities.
During the day, one residential building in Aleppo was restored.
The assessment of the state of infrastructure, socially significant objects, the availability of stocks of construction materials and material resources in Harran-al-Awamid (Damascus province) and Zhibrin (Aleppo province) was carried out. To improve the living conditions of Syrian citizens and complete the restoration of infrastructure, it is necessary to deliver supplies to the settlements:
- Harran-al-Awamid - bulldozer, automobile crane, 26 windows, 7 cubic meters of bricks, 12 cubic meters of cement, 8 tons of construction rebar, 17 floor slabs, 950 kg of finishing materials, 1,500 m of water pipes, 2,150 m of electric cable for the restoration of seven residential buildings and a school;
- Zhibrin-dump truck, tractor, 15 windows, 12 cubic meters of bricks, 10 cubic meters of cement, 12 tons of construction rebar, 950 kg of finishing materials, 1 800 m of water pipes, 1 900 m of electric cable for the restoration of five residential buildings, a water intake station and an electrical substation.
Total since July 18, 2018 on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic:
- 983 educational and 253 medical institutions, one sports school, 4,926 residential buildings, 24.5 km of water supply networks, four wells with drinking water, three cultural and leisure facilities, two administrative buildings, 0.1 km of sidewalks were restored;
- six road bridges and 1,747. 99 km of highways have been repaired;
- 1,457. 32 km of power lines laid;
- 264 water supply facilities, 323 bakeries, 818 power substations, four gas stations, and 14,453 industrial enterprises were put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements in the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Al-Suwayda, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,619 residential buildings, 218 schools, 178 preschool institutions, 239 medical institutions, 212 bakeries, 182 electrical substations, 260 water pumping stations and 86 religious buildings.
Provision of humanitarian and medical assistance
Over the past day, the Russian side conducted two humanitarian actions, during which 815 food packages with a total weight of 6.23 tons were issued to the needy residents of the Syrian Arab Republic:
- in Halko (Haseke Province), 440 food packages with a total weight of 3.36 tons were issued;
- in Deir-Maker (Damascus province), 375 food packages with a total weight of 2.86 tons were issued.
In total, 2,832 humanitarian actions were organized and carried out. 4 999.82 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.
Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.
In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.
Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out tasks for the day to clear the area and objects in Douma (Damascus province), Deraa and Osman (Deraa province).
1,8 ha of the territory was cleared. 13 explosive devices (EDs) were found and destroyed, including seven improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
A total of 3,676.6 hectares of territory, 3,112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads were cleared. 42,620 EDs were found and destroyed, including 5,667 IEDs.
Organizational arrangements for the reception of refugees
In the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus and Hama, a state program is being implemented to restore settlements in the territory liberated from militants. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.
The Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic for the Return of Refugees is carrying out socio-economic activities that are intensifying the process of restoring the country's infrastructure, taking measures to equip checkpoints and return refugees from abroad to their places of permanent residence.
The officers of the Center for Reconciliation of the Opposing Sides and Control of the Movement of Refugees in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic did not hold working meetings on assistance in restoring infrastructure and creating conditions for the accommodation of refugees.