Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring in Syrian Arab Republic (January 29, 2020)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 811 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 283 people (85 women and 145 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 528 people (158 women and 269 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, 538,643 people have returned from the territories of foreign States, including:
from Lebanon-170,955 people (women – 51,680, children – 87,481) through the checkpoints "Jeydet Yabus" - 102,249, "tell Kalah" - 61,672, "Zemrani" - 4,346, "El-Dabusiya" - 1,834, "El-Qusayr" - 854;
from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint-367,688 people (women-110,349, children-187,513).
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 5, 2020 there are still 6,569,742 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,970,923 women and 3,350,568 children among them.
Of the 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where Syrian refugees are located, thirty countries confirmed quantitative data on the presence of Syrian citizens in these States.
At present there are 6,240,058 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,576,369, Lebanon - 916,113, Jordan - 654,692, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 245,810, Egypt - 129,159, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Argentina - 1,496, Malta-1,289, Poland - 1,069, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in ten countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, 767,923 people have returned to Syria from foreign territories (women-230,687, children-391,916).
Currently, 13 checkpoints have been deployed and are functioning, including:
- five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
- one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
- five in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, al-Ghurab, Habit);
- one CP at Damascus international airport;
- one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that no Syrians returned back to:
No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, 46,369 people have returned (women – 16,140, children – 21,020), and 2,465 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
No refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). In total, since February 19, 2019, 22,841 people have returned (women-6,270, children-10,843), 1,798 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp.
Since March 23, 2019, in total, 19,045 people (women – 5,428, children 9,481), 943 vehicles.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 46,418 people (women – 14,914, children 21,169), 4,818 vehicles left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since January 13, 2020, 1,490 people have left the zone (519 women, 673 children), and 63 vehicles have been withdrawn.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,312,520 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (396,371 women, 663,372 children). Since January 1, 2019, 43,924 IDPs (13,812 women, 19,606 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
During the day, three residential buildings were restored (JALAMA (Hama province)-one, AL-MAEN (Deir ez-Zor province) – one, SHAHBA (Essaouida province)-one) and an electrical substation in KAFER LAHA (Homs province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Tell Aran (Aleppo province) and al-Ramleh (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
TELL ARAN-dump truck, 10 windows, 5 cubic meters of bricks, 7 cubic meters of cement, 3 tons of construction fittings, 450 kg of finishing materials, 700 m of water pipes, 650 m of electric cable for the restoration of two residential buildings and a water pump station;
JUBB-RAMLA-dump truck, 12 windows, 8 cubic meters of bricks, 7 cubic meters of cement, 4 tons of construction fittings, 250 kg of finishing materials, 350 m of water pipes, 150 m of electric cable, for the restoration of a residential building and a kindergarten.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
In total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
- 945 educational and 231 medical institutions were restored;
- five road bridges and 1,126. 3 km (0.2 km per day) of roads were repaired;
- 1 047.8 km (0.3 km per day) of power lines were laid;
- 193 water supply facilities, 300 bakeries, 772 (one per day) electric substations, 14,446 industrial enterprises were put into operation.
Currently, in 345 localities in the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Essaouida, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,747 residential buildings, 223 schools, 168 pre-school institutions, 236 medical institutions, 199 bakeries, 200 power stations, 273 water pumping stations and 93 religious buildings.
Humanitarian and medical assistance
No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.
The Kadyrov Foundation held one charity event at a school in ALEPPO, during which students were given 250 sets of school kits and warm clothes.
A total of 2,348 humanitarian actions were organized and conducted. 3,943.34 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.
- 196 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics:
- in KOBANI (Aleppo province), 103 Syrian citizens, including 52 children;.
- in QAMISHLIYA (Hasakeh province), 93 Syrian citizens, including 13 children..
- In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 121,089 residents of Syria..
Engineering units of the Armed Forces of the Syrian Arab Republic performed demining tasks in DOUMA (Damascus province), JASIM and AL-HARA (Deraa province) during the day.
2.2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 37 explosive devices.
In total: 2 766.6 hectares of territory, 3 112 buildings( structures), 273.4 km of roads. They found and defused 30,632 explosive devices including 5,389 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers Of the center for reconciliation of warring parties and monitoring the movement of refugees on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic held a working meeting in DAMASCUS with representatives of the Syrian reconciliation Committee on compliance with the cessation of hostilities on the territory of the Republic, normalization of the situation in the regions, implementation of post-conflict settlement measures in settlements liberated from militants, humanitarian assistance to the population in the southern provinces, Zayevfratiya and Idlib de-escalation zone.