Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (December 2, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 668 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 289 people (87 women and 147 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 379 people (114 women and 193 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 480,497 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
151,713 refugees have left Lebanon (44,245 women and 88,011 children), with 90,705 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 53,974 via Talkalakh;
328,784 people (56,142 women and 95,373 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for October 26, 2019 there are still 6,672,073 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,001,622 women and 3,402,757 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,342,389 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,648,982, Lebanon - 918,974, Jordan - 654,266, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 129,779, Iraq - 231,006, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 709,777 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (131,057 women, 222,613 children).
Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that no Syrians returned back to:
No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);
No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,161 people (women – 14,139 children 18,838), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.
No refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 22,642 people (women – 5,950, children 10,336), 1,705 vehicles and 5,991 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since February 23, 2019, in total, 18,953 people (women – 5,222, children 9,151), 925 vehicles and 872 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left Idlib de-escalation zone through checkpoints Suran and Abu-al-Dukhur. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,928 people (women – 14,484, children 20,482), 4,755 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,306,097 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (393,776 women, 660,255 children). Since January 1, 2019, 37,501 IDPs (11,217 women, 16,489 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Three buildings were recovered over the past day (Dabba - two (Deir ez-Zor province), al-Zubi - one (al-Quneitra province)), a kindergarten in Ramtan (Raqqa province) as well as medical centre in al-Saiyal (Deir ez-Zor province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Deir Ali (Damascus province), and Imtan (al-Suwayda province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Deir Ali - a tractor, a dump truck, 10 tons of building bars, 16 windows, 12 cu m of cement, 950kg of lime and filling, 1,100m of water pipes, 2,500 of electric cables, 14 cu m of brick to recover five houses, a kindergarten and a power supply station.
Imtan – an excavator, a dump truck, 7 windows, 3 cu m of brick, 8 cu m of cement, 6 tons of building bars, 350kg of lime and filling, 600m of water pipes, 750m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses and a school;
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
219 medical and 923 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;
five road bridges and 1,109.1 km of roads were recovered (0.3km - over the past day);
1,029.4 km of power line have been installed (0.4 km - over the past day);
754 power substations (one over the past day), 185 water supply facilities, 279 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,444 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,689 houses, 220 schools, 167 kindergartens, 234 medical centres, 194 bakeries, 198 power substations, 268 water pump stations, and 93 places of worship.
Over the past day there have been three humanitarian actions to distribute 1,275 food sets with a total weight of 7.54 tons.
People in al-Qouniya, Daraa province, received 275 food sets with a total weight of 1.69 tons.
People in Shiran, Aleppo province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.925 tons.
People in Harmala, Raqqa province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.925 tons.
. In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,265 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,774.68 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
337 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics:
163 civilians including 10 children received in the towns of Kobani and Shiran (Aleppo province);
174 civilians including 38 children received in the town of Qamishliyah (Al-Hasakah province);
In total, 107,781 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).
3,1 ha of the territory. They found and defused 39 explosive devices.
In total: 2,609.8ha of the territory, 3,112 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 28,540 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings.
with the Head of Security Committee on issue of consideration of citizens appeals;
with the chairman of the Committee for National Reconciliation and Stabilization of Social Situation in the Idlib de-escalation zone on the state of the military-political and socio-economic situation in the Idlib zone and consideration of appeals of citizens of the Syrian Arab Republic.