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10.09.2019 (10:00)

Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (September 10, 2019)

Bulletin of the

Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring

(September 10, 2018)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,347 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 355 people (98 women and 165 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 992 people (259 women and 441 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 393,366 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

124,267 refugees have left Lebanon (36,729 women and 62,100 children), with 74,237 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 42,996 via Talkalakh;

269,099 people (42,000 women and 71,339 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,648,041 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,412 women and 3,390,501 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,318,357 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,654,173, Lebanon - 929,624, Jordan - 662,010, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,433, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 622,646 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (131,057 women, 222,613 children).

Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 16 Syrians returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);

Fourteen people (women - 5, children - 7) to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,161 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

Two people via the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 21,144 people (women – 5,618, children 9,927), 1,449 vehicles and 4,879 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 17,934 people (women 5,082, children 8,720), 842 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,303,933 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (393,496 women, 659,980 children). Since January 1, 2019, 35,337 IDPs (9,113 women, 13,359 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Five buildings were recovered over the past day (Deir Fur, Homs province, - two, Nafa, al-Quneitra province, - three) as well as a kindergarten in Khusham (Deir ez-Zor province), Djerud (Damascus province) and a bakery in Kafer al-Tun (Hama province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Nawa (Daraa province), and Qubbet-al-Kurdi (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Nawa – a wheeled crane, a bulldozer, two dump trucks, 16 windows, 4 cu m of brick, 5 cu m of cement, 2 tons of building bars, 950kg of lime and filling, 550m of water pipes, 1,200m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses and a power substation.

Kubbet al-Kurdi – a excavator, two dump trucks, a drilling unit, 24 windows, 14 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 1,050kg of lime and filling, 900m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul seven houses and a water pump station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

196 medical and 894 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1084,6 km of roads were recovered (0.4km - over the past day);

1,004.6 km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

716 power substations (one over the past day), 169 water supply facilities, 243 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,425 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,630 houses, 220 schools, 165 kindergartens, 225 medical centres, 191 bakeries, 207 power substations, 265 water pump stations, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,201 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,584.05 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Fourteen civilians including six children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 106,080 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2,3 ha of the territory. They found and defused 35 explosive devices.

In total: 2,410.2ha of the territory, 3,112 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 25,738 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held working meetings with representatives of Hatlah administration (Deir ez-Zor province) to discuss rehabilitation of social infrastructure, and creation of environment favourable for returnees.

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