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23.11.2021 (10:00)

Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (November 23, 2021)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 282 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 266 people (95 women and 162 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 16 people (5 women and 8 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

A total of 725,175 people have returned from the territories of foreign countries since July 18, 2018, including:

from Lebanon – 328,553 people. (including: women – 82,485, children – 139,681), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 197,268, tell-Kalah – 124,251, Zemrani – 4,346, al-Dabusiya – 1,834, al-Qusayr – 854;

from Jordan through the checkpoint Nasib – 396,622 people. (women-118,959, children-202,146).

As of August 5, 2021, there are 6,815,643 Syrian refugees in 43 countries (Turkey – 3,718,332, Lebanon – 851,717, Jordan – 670,364, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 249,733, Egypt – 134,952, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).

An estimated 1,297,168 Syrians from fifteen countries (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24) expressed a desire to return to their homeland.

From 30 September 2015 to Syria from the territories of foreign States returned 954,455 people. (including: women – 250 051, children – 424 693).

Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr);

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

five on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic (Salhiyah, Jleb, Saraqib, Miznaz, Abu Azeidin);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that no Syrians returned back to:

There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir ez-Zor province). Since August 25, 2018, 106,264 people have returned (including: women-38,473, children-33,771), and 2,482 vehicles have been withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). In total, 24,166 people have returned since February 19, 2019. (women - 6,592, children - 11,365), 1,812 units of equipment were withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp. In total, 20,347 people left the camp since March 23, 2019 (women - 5,769, children - 10,049), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. A total of 46,801 people have left the zone since March 4, 2018. (including: women – 15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone. (including: women-687, children-761), 63 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Total from September 30, 2015 1,374,123 internally displaced persons returned to their places of permanent residence (including: women – 422,244, children-677,437), and 105,527 people since January 1, 2019 (including: women-39,685, children-33,671).

Cities and towns ready to receive refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Aleppo (Aleppo province), and al-Yadudah (Daraa province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Aleppo – a excavator, two dump trucks, 13 windows, 12 cu m of brick, 21 cu m of cement, 1,400kg of lime and filling, 1,200m of water pipes, 600m of electric cables and 10 tons of building bars to overhaul two houses and a hospital;

Al-Yadudah – an excavator, a dump truck, 27 windows, 15 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 14 tons of building bars, 1,120 kg of lime and filling, 1,290m of water pipes, 1,580m of electric cables to overhaul five houses, and a bakery;

The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of public works and housing construction to obtain construction materials for the restoration of objects.

Since July 20, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

995 educational and 260 medical institutions, 5,019 residential buildings, 42.01 km of water supply networks, 13 wells for drinking water, four cultural and leisure facilities, six administrative buildings, 0.6 km of sidewalk were restored;

six road bridges and 1,855.9 km of roads were repaired;

1,496.64 km of power lines were laid;

275 water supply facilities, 328 bakeries, 854 electrical substations, four gas stations, 14,455 industrial enterprises, 194 lighting devices were put into operation.

Currently, in 345 localities in the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Suwayda, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,669 residential buildings, 225 schools, 178 preschool institutions, 243 medical institutions, 211 bakeries, 203 electrical substations, 283 water pumping stations and 89 religious buildings.

Humanitarian and medical assistance 

No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.

In total, 3,027 humanitarian actions were organized and carried out. 5,298.86 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.

Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.

In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.

Mine Clearance

Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out mine clearance tasks in Douma (Damascus province) during the day.

17,6 hectares of the territory were cleared. They found and defused five explosive devices including one improvised explosive devices.

Total cleared: 6,196.4 hectares of territory, 3,112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads. They found and defused 43,716 explosive devices including 5,896 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland. 

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held no working meetings to discuss rehabilitation of social infrastructure, and creation of environment favourable for returnees.

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