Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (November 19, 2021)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, 334 refugees have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territories of foreign states, including 317 people from Lebanon through the Jaydet-Yabus and Tell-Kalah checkpoints (including: 95 women, 162 children), 17 people from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint (including: 5 women, 9 children).
A total of 723,982 people have returned from the territories of foreign states since July 18, 2018, including:
from Lebanon - 327,404 people (including: women - 98,394, children - 166,690), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 196,578, Tell-Kalah - 123,792, Zemrani - 4,346, El-Dabusiya - 1,834, El-Qusair - 854;
from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint – 396,578 people (including: women - 119,021, children - 202,253).
As of October 21, 2021, there are 6,813,318 Syrian refugees in 43 States (Turkey – 3,723,674, Lebanon – 851,717, Jordan – 670,364, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 249,733, Egypt – 134,952, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).
It is estimated that 1,297,168 Syrians from 15 countries of the world expressed a desire to return to their homeland (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24).
A total of 953,262 people have returned to Syria from the territories of foreign states since September 30, 2015 (including: women - 286,073, children - 485,865).
Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:
- on the Syrian-Lebanese border – five (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, Al-Dabusiya, Tell-Kalah, Al-Qusayr);
- on the Syrian-Jordanian border – one (Nasib);
- on the territory of Syria – five (Salhiyah, Jleb, Serakab, Miznaz, Abo-Azeidin);
- air – one (the Duval);
- marine – one (Banias).
The Syrian leadership is taking active steps to improve the efficiency of the process of returning Syrian refugees from the territories of foreign states.
There was no withdrawal of refugees to their places of permanent residence during the day.
There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir-ez-Zor province). A total of 106,099 people have returned since August 25, 2018 (including: women - 42,918, children - 34,621), 2,482 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees through the checkpoint Jleb (Homs province). A total of 24,157 people have returned since February 19, 2019 (including: women – 6,637, children - 11,453), 1,812 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp. A total of 20,338 people have left the camp since March 23, 2019 (including: women – 5,794, children - 10,088), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. In total, since March 4, 2018, 46,801 people have left the zone (including: women-15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone (including: 687 women, 761 children), 63 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
A total of 1,373,949 internally displaced persons have returned to their places of permanent residence since September 30, 2015 (including: women – 423,799, children – 677,749), from January 1, 2019 – 105,353 people (including: women - 41,240, children - 33,983).
Cities and localities ready to receive refugees
Reception and accommodation facilities for 1,502,650 refugees have been set up in 413 localities least affected by the hostilities.
The assessment of the state of infrastructure, socially significant facilities, the availability of stocks of construction materials and material assets in Tasil (Deraa province) and Blat (Aleppo province) was carried out. To improve the living conditions of Syrian citizens and complete the restoration of infrastructure, it is necessary to deliver supplies to the settlements:
Tasil - dump trucks, tractors, 15 windows, 12 cubic meters of brick, 10 cubic meters of cement, 12 tons of construction fittings, 950 kg of finishing materials, 570 m of water pipes, 1,900 m of electric cable for the restoration of three residential buildings and an electrical substation;
Blat - truck crane, 12 windows, 4 cubic meters of brick, 3 cubic meters of cement, 2 tons of construction fittings, 300 kg of finishing materials, 650 m of water pipes, 700 m of electric cable, for the restoration of two residential buildings.
The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of Public Works and Housing for obtaining construction materials for the restoration of objects.
In total, since July 20, 2018, on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic:
- 995 educational and 260 medical institutions, 5,019 residential buildings, 42.01 km of water supply networks, 13 wells for drinking water, four cultural and leisure facilities, six administrative buildings, 0.6 km of sidewalk have been restored;
- six automobile bridges and 1,855.9 km of highways have been repaired;
- 1,496.64 km of power lines have been laid;
- put into operation: 275 water supply facilities, 328 bakeries, 854 electrical substations, four gas stations, 14,455 industrial enterprises, 194 lighting devices. Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir Ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Essaouida, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,672 residential buildings, 225 schools, 178 preschool institutions, 243 medical institutions, 211 bakeries, 203 electrical substations, 283 water pumping stations and 89 religious buildings.
Provision of humanitarian and medical assistance
No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.
A total of 3,027 humanitarian actions were organized and conducted. 5,298.86 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.
Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.
In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.
Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic performed the tasks of demining the terrain and facilities in Douma (Damascus province) during the day.
19,3 ha of the territory was cleared. Eight explosive devices (EDs) were found and destroyed, including two improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
In total, 6 139.7 hectares of territory, 3 112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads were cleared. 43,699 EDs were detected and destroyed, including 5,891 IEDs.
Organizational arrangements for the reception of refugees
In the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus and Hama, a state program is being implemented to restore settlements in the territory liberated from militants. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.
The Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic for the Return of Refugees is carrying out socio-economic activities that are intensifying the process of restoring the country's infrastructure, taking measures to equip checkpoints and return refugees from abroad to their places of permanent residence.
The officers of the Center for Reconciliation of the Opposing Sides and Control of the Movement of Refugees in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic did not hold working meetings on assistance in restoring infrastructure and creating conditions for the accommodation of refugees.