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06.10.2021 (11:00)

Bulletin of the Center for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Control of the Movement of Refugees (06.10.2021)

Return of refugees from the territories of foreign states

Over the past day, 366 refugees have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territories of foreign states, including from Lebanon through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus, Tell-Kalah - 314 people (94 women, 160 children), from Jordan through the checkpoint Nasib – 52 people (16 women, 27 children).

A total of 709,934 people have returned from the territories of foreign states since July 18, 2018, including:

  • from Lebanon – 314,207 people (women - 94,428, children - 159,963), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 188,661, Tell-Kalah - 118,512, Zemrani - 4,346, El-Dabusiya - 1,834, El-Qusair - 854;
  • from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint – 395,272 people. (women - 118,762, children - 201,814).

As of September 23, 2021, there are 6,800 865 Syrian refugees in 43 States (Turkey – 3,713,344, Lebanon – 851,717, Jordan – 670,637, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 248,721, Egypt – 133,568, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).

It is estimated that 1,297,168 Syrians from 15 countries of the world expressed a desire to return to their homeland (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24).

Total since September 30, 2015 939,214 people returned to Syria from the territories of foreign states (women - 281,848, children - 478,699).

Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:

  • on the Syrian-Lebanese border – five (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, Al-Dabusiya, Tell-Kalah, Al-Qusayr);
  • on the Syrian-Jordanian border – one (Nasib);
  • on the territory of Syria – five (Salhiyah, Jleb, Serakab, Miznaz, Abo-Azeidin);
  • air – one (the Duval);
  • marine – one (Banias).

The Syrian leadership is taking active steps to improve the efficiency of the process of returning Syrian refugees from the territories of foreign states.

Internal displacement

There was no withdrawal of refugees to their places of permanent residence during the day.

There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir-ez-Zor province). A total of 102,619 people have returned since August 25 , 2018 (women - 41,097, children - 34,224), 2,482 units of equipment were withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees through the checkpoint Jleb (Homs province). In total, since February 19, 2019, 24,076 people have returned (women - 6,612, children - 11,414), 1,812 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp. A total of 20,257 people have left the camp since March 23, 2019 (5,769 women, 10,049 children), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. A total of 46,801 people have left the zone since March 4, 2018. (women-15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone. (women-687, children-761), 63 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Total since September 30, 2015 1,370,388 internally displaced persons (women – 421,953, children – 677,313) returned to their places of permanent residence, since January 1, 2019 – 101,792 people (women – 39,394, children – 33,547).

Cities and towns ready to receive refugees

Reception and accommodation facilities for 1,502,650 refugees have been set up in 413 localities least affected by the hostilities.

Infrastructure restoration

The assessment of the state of infrastructure, socially significant facilities, the availability of stocks of construction materials and material assets in Djubb-Ramla (Hama province) and Nava (Deraa province) was carried out. To improve the living conditions of Syrian citizens and complete the restoration of infrastructure, it is necessary to deliver supplies to the settlements:

  • Nava - truck crane, bulldozer, two dump trucks 16 windows, 4 cubic meters of bricks, 5 cubic meters of cement, 2 tons of construction fittings, 950 kg of finishing materials, 550 meters of water pipes, 1,200 meters of electrical cable for the restoration of four residential buildings and electrical substation;
  • Djubb-Ramla - excavator, 12 windows, 4 cubic meters of bricks, 3 cubic meters of cement, 3 tons of construction fittings, 200 kg of finishing materials, 1,000 meters of water pipes, 800 meters of electric cable, for the restoration of five residential buildings.

The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of Public Works and Housing for obtaining construction materials for the restoration of objects.

Total since July 20, 2018 on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic:

  • 995 educational and 260 medical institutions, 5,014 residential buildings, 42.01 km of water supply networks, 13 wells for drinking water, four cultural and leisure facilities, six administrative buildings, 0.6 km of sidewalk have been restored;
  • six automobile bridges and 1,852.2 km of highways were repaired; 1,496.14 km of power lines were laid;
  • commissioned: 275 water supply facilities, 328 bakeries, 854 electrical substations, four gas stations, 14,455 industrial enterprises, 194 lighting devices.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Essaouida, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,676 residential buildings, 225 schools, 178 preschool institutions, 243 medical institutions, 211 bakeries, 203 electrical substations, 283 water pumping stations and 89 religious buildings.

Provision of humanitarian and medical assistance

No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.

In total, 3,024 humanitarian actions were organized and conducted. 5,288.49 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.

Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.

In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.

Mine clearance

Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out tasks for the day to clear the area and objects in Douma (Damascus province), Deraa and Osman (Deraa province).

20.6 hectares of the territory have been cleared. Four explosive objects (EDs) were found and destroyed, including three improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

In total, 5,406.7 hectares of territory, 3 112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads were cleared. 43,512 EDs were detected and destroyed, including 5,836 IEDs.

Organizational arrangements for the reception of refugees

In the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus and Hama, a state program is being implemented to restore settlements in the territory liberated from militants. 

The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.

The Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic for the Return of Refugees is carrying out socio-economic activities that are intensifying the process of restoring the country's infrastructure, taking measures to equip checkpoints and return refugees from abroad to their places of permanent residence.

The officers of the Center for Reconciliation of the Opposing Sides and Control of the Movement of Refugees in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic did not hold working meetings on assistance in restoring infrastructure and creating conditions for the accommodation of refugees.

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