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27.09.2021 (12:45)

Bulletin of the Center for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Control of the Movement of Refugees (27.09.2021)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, 294 refugees (88 women, 150 children) have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of Lebanon through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus and Tell-Kalah.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint.

A total of 706,657 people have returned from the territories of foreign states since July 18, 2018, including:

  • from Lebanon-311,409 people (women-93,589, children-158,536), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 186,982, Tell-Kalah - 117,393, Zemrani - 4,346, El-Dabusiya - 1,834, El-Qusair - 854;
  • from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint – 395,248 people (women-118,618, children-201,569).

As of September 16, 2021, there are 6,798,018 Syrian refugees in 43 states (Turkey – 3,710,497, Lebanon – 851,717, Jordan – 670,637, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 248,721, Egypt – 133,568, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).

It is estimated that 1,297,168 Syrians from 15 countries of the world expressed a desire to return to their homeland (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24).

Since September 30, 2015, a total of 935,937 people have returned to Syria from the territories of foreign states (women – 280 865, children – 477 027).

Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:

  • on the Syrian-Lebanese border – five (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, Al-Dabusiya, Tell-Kalah, Al-Qusayr);
  • on the Syrian-Jordanian border – one (Nasib);
  • on the territory of Syria – five (Salhiyah, Jleb, Serakab, Miznaz, Abo-Azeidin);
  • air – one (the Duval);
  • marine – one (Banias).

The Syrian leadership is taking active steps to improve the efficiency of the process of returning Syrian refugees from the territories of foreign states.

Internal displacement

8 refugees returned to their places of permanent residence during the day.

There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir-ez-Zor province). A total of 102,067 people have returned since August 25, 2018 (women-40,775, children-34,164), 2,482 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

8 refugees returned through the checkpoint Jleb (Homs province). In total, since February 19, 2019, 24,076 people have returned (women-6,612, children-11,414), 1,812 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

8 refugees returned from the Rukban camp. A total of 20,257 people have left the camp since March 23, 2019 (5,769 women, 10,049 children), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. In total, since March 4, 2018, 46,801 people have left the zone (women-15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone (687 women, 761 children), 63 units of equipment have been withdrawn.

A total of 1,369,836 internally displaced persons (women – 421,631, children – 677,253) have returned to their places of permanent residence since September 30, 2015, and 101,240 people (women – 39,072, children – 33,487) since January 1, 2019.

Cities and localities ready to receive refugees

Reception and accommodation facilities for 1,502,650 refugees have been set up in 413 localities least affected by the hostilities.

Infrastructure restoration

Two residential buildings in Aleppo were restored during the day.

The assessment of the state of infrastructure, socially significant facilities, stocks of construction materials and material assets in Dimas (Damascus province) and Hasiya (Homs province) was carried out. To improve the living conditions of Syrian citizens and complete the restoration of infrastructure, it is necessary to deliver supplies to the settlements:

  • Dimas-bulldozer, dump truck, car crane, 8 windows, 6 cubic meters of bricks, 4 cubic meters of cement, 400 kg of finishing materials, 150 m of water pipes, 200 m of electric cable, 1.5 tons of construction fittings for the restoration of a preschool institution;
  • Khasia-excavator, dump truck, car crane, 12 windows, 4 entrance doors, 2 cubic meters of bricks, 1 cubic meter of cement, 200 kg of finishing materials, 200 m of water pipes, 520 m of electric cable, for the restoration of a residential building.

The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of Public Works and Housing for obtaining construction materials for the restoration of objects.

In total, since July 20, 2018, on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic:

  • 995 educational and 260 medical institutions, 5,007 residential buildings, 42.01 km of water supply networks, 13 wells for drinking water, four cultural and leisure facilities, six administrative buildings, 0.6 km of sidewalk were restored;
  • six automobile bridges and 1 847.9 km of highways were repaired;
  • 1,496. 04 km of power transmission lines have been laid;
  • 274 water supply facilities, 328 bakeries, 854 electrical substations, four gas stations, 14,455 industrial enterprises, 194 lighting devices were put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Essaouida, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,685 residential buildings, 225 schools, 178 preschool institutions, 242 medical institutions, 210 bakeries, 203 electrical substations, 283 water pumping stations and 89 religious buildings.

Provision of humanitarian and medical assistance

Over the past day, the Russian side conducted one humanitarian action in Deraa (Deraa province), during which 500 food packages with a total weight of 4.15 tons were issued to the needy residents of the Syrian Arab Republic.

In total, 3,024 humanitarian actions were organized and conducted. 5,284.34 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.

Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.

In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.

Mine clearance

Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out tasks for the day to clear the area and objects in Douma (Damascus province), Deraa and Osman (Deraa province).

19,5 ha of the territory was cleared. Four explosive objects (ED) were found and destroyed.

In total, 5 253.9 hectares of territory, 3 112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads were cleared. 43,473 EDs were detected and destroyed, including 5,818 IEDs.

Organizational arrangements for the reception of refugees

In the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus and Hama, a state program is being implemented to restore settlements in the territory liberated from militants. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.

The Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic for the Return of Refugees is carrying out socio-economic activities that are intensifying the process of restoring the country's infrastructure, taking measures to equip checkpoints and return refugees from abroad to their places of permanent residence.

The officers of the Center for Reconciliation of the Opposing Sides and Control of the Movement of Refugees in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic did not hold working meetings on assistance in restoring infrastructure and creating conditions for the accommodation of refugees.

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