Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring in Syrian Arab Republic (July 29, 2021)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, 312 refugees (94 women, 159 children) have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of Lebanon through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus and Tell-Kalah.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint.
A total of 688,592 people have returned from the territories of foreign states since July 18, 2018, including:
- from Lebanon-293,344 people (women-88,164, children-149,327), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 176,144, Tell-Kalah - 110,166, Zemrani - 4,346, El-Dabusiya - 1,834, El-Qusair - 854;
- from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint – 395,248 people (women-118,618, children-201,569).
As of July 7, 2021, there are 6,773,175 Syrian refugees in 43 countries (Turkey – 3,688,093, Lebanon – 855,172, Jordan – 668,332, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 245,952, Egypt – 132,748, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).
It is estimated that 1,297,168 Syrians from 15 countries of the world expressed a desire to return to their homeland (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24).
Since September 30, 2015, a total of 917,872 people have returned to Syria from the territories of foreign states (women – 275,440, children – 467,818).
Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:
- on the Syrian-Lebanese border – five (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, Al-Dabusiya, Tell-Kalah, Al-Qusayr);
- on the Syrian-Jordanian border – one (Nasib);
- on the territory of Syria – five (Salhiyah, Jleb, Serakab, Miznaz, Abo-Azeidin);
- air – one (the Duval);
- marine – one (Banias).
The Syrian leadership is taking active steps to improve the efficiency of the process of returning Syrian refugees from the territories of foreign states.
260 refugees returned to their places of permanent residence during the day.
260 refugees returned through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir ez-Zor province). A total of 95,599 people have returned since August 25, 2018 (women-37,594, children-33,576), 2,482 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees through the checkpoint Jleb (Homs province). In total, since February 19, 2019, 23,978 people have returned (women-6,587, children-11,362), 1,812 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp. A total of 20,159 people have left the camp since March 23, 2019 (5,744 women, 9,997 children), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. In total, since March 4, 2018, 46,801 people have left the zone (women-15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone (687 women, 761 children), 63 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
A total of 1,363,270 internally displaced persons (women – 418,425, children – 676,613) have returned to their places of permanent residence since September 30, 2015, and 94,674 people (women – 35,866, children – 32,847) since January 1, 2019.
Cities and localities ready to receive refugees
Reception and accommodation facilities for 1,502,650 refugees have been set up in 413 localities least affected by the hostilities.
During the day, one residential building was restored in Dayl (Deraa province).
The assessment of the state of infrastructure, socially significant facilities, the availability of stocks of construction materials and material resources in Al-Rastan (Homs province) and Saida (Quneitra province) was carried out. To improve the living conditions of Syrian citizens and complete the restoration of infrastructure, it is necessary to deliver supplies to the settlements:
- Al-Rastan - excavators, 13 windows, 4 cubic meters of bricks, 8 cubic meters of cement, 1.5 tons of construction fittings, 350 kg of finishing materials, 740 m of water pipes, 1,250 m of electric cable for the restoration of six residential buildings and an electrical substation;
- Saida - grader, dump truck, 18 windows, 13 cubic meters of bricks, 12 cubic meters of cement, 9 tons of construction fittings, 1,250 kg of finishing materials, 1,150 m of water pipes, 2,500 m of electric cable for the restoration of five residential buildings, a medical center and an electrical substation.
The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of Public Works and Housing for obtaining construction materials for the restoration of objects.
In total, since July 20, 2018, on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic:
- 987 educational and 256 medical institutions, 4,969 residential buildings, 40.23 km of water supply networks, seven wells for drinking water, four cultural and leisure facilities, six administrative buildings, 0.1 km of sidewalk were restored;
- six automobile bridges and 1,823. 44 km of highways were repaired (1.2 km per day);
- 1,482. 69 km of power transmission lines have been laid;
- commissioned: 273 water supply facilities, 325 bakeries, 843 electrical substations, four gas stations, 14,455 industrial enterprises, 54 lighting devices.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Essaouida, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,675 residential buildings, 221 schools, 176 preschool institutions, 240 medical institutions, 204 bakeries, 198 electrical substations, 279 water pumping stations and 89 religious buildings.
Provision of humanitarian and medical assistance
Over the past day, the Russian side conducted one humanitarian action in the locality of Al-Fatisa province (Al-Raqqa), during which 100 food packages with a total weight of 0.557 tons were issued to the needy residents of the Syrian Arab Republic.
In total, 2,971 humanitarian actions were organized and conducted. 5,179.21 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.
Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.
In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.
Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out tasks for the day to clear the area and objects in Douma (Damascus province), Deraa and Osman (Deraa province).
11,8 ha of the territory was cleared. Four explosive objects (EDs), including two improvised explosive devices (IEDs), were found and destroyed.
In total, 4 314.2 hectares of territory, 3 112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads were cleared. 43,204 EDs were detected and destroyed, including 5,698 IEDs.
Organizational arrangements for the reception of refugees
In the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus and Hama, a state program is being implemented to restore settlements in the territory liberated from militants. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.
The Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic for the Return of Refugees is carrying out socio-economic activities that are intensifying the process of restoring the country's infrastructure, taking measures to equip checkpoints and return refugees from abroad to their places of permanent residence.
The officers of the Center for Reconciliation of the Opposing Sides and Control of the Movement of Refugees in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic did not hold working meetings on assistance in restoring infrastructure and creating conditions for the accommodation of refugees.