Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring in Syrian Arab Republic (July 26, 2021)
Return of refugees from the territories of foreign States
Over the past day, 312 refugees (94 women, 159 children) have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of Lebanon through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus and Tell-Kalah.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint.
A total of 687,649 people have returned from the territories of foreign states since July 18, 2018, including:
- from Lebanon-292,401 people (women-87,880, children-148,846), through the checkpoints Jaydet-Yabus - 175,579, Tell-Kalah - 109,788, Zemrani - 4,346, El-Dabusiya - 1,834, El-Qusair - 854;
- from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint – 395,248 people. (women-118,618, children-201,569).
As of July 7, 2021, there are 6,773,175 Syrian refugees in 43 countries (Turkey – 3,688,093, Lebanon – 855,172, Jordan – 668,332, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 245,952, Egypt – 132,748, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, Great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).
It is estimated that 1,297,168 Syrians from 15 countries of the world expressed a desire to return to their homeland (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24).
Total since September 30, 2015 916,929 people (275,156 women, 467,337 children) returned to Syria from the territories of foreign states.
Currently, 13 checkpoints are deployed, including:
- on the Syrian-Lebanese border – five (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, Al-Dabusiya, Tell-Kalah, Al-Qusayr);
- on the Syrian-Jordanian border – one (Nasib);
- on the territory of Syria – five (Salhiyah, Jleb, Serakab, Miznaz, Abo-Azeidin);
- air – one (the Duval);
- marine – one (Banias).
The Syrian leadership is taking active steps to improve the efficiency of the process of returning Syrian refugees from the territories of foreign states.
There was no withdrawal of refugees to their places of permanent residence during the day.
There was no withdrawal of refugees through the Salhiyah checkpoint (Deir-ez-Zor province). A total of 95,004 people have returned since August 25, 2018. (women-37,323, children-33,514), 2,482 units of equipment were withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees through the checkpoint Jleb (Homs province). In total, since February 19, 2019, 23,978 people have returned (women-6,587, children-11,362), 1,812 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp. A total of 20,159 people have left the camp since March 23, 2019 (5,744 women, 9,997 children), 947 units of equipment have been withdrawn.
There was no withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone. A total of 46,801 people have left the zone since March 4, 2018. (women-15,142, children-21,284), 4,818 units of equipment were withdrawn.
Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone. (women-687, children-761), 63 units of equipment were withdrawn.
Total since September 30, 2015 1,362,675 internally displaced persons (women – 418,154, children – 676,551) have returned to their places of permanent residence, since January 1, 2019 – 94,079 people (women – 35,595, children – 32,785).
Cities and towns ready to receive refugees
Reception and accommodation facilities for 1,502,650 refugees have been set up in 413 localities least affected by the hostilities.
A residential building and a transformer substation in Aleppo were restored during the day.
The assessment of the state of infrastructure, socially significant facilities, the availability of stocks of construction materials and material resources in Zaghria (Raqqa province) and Rasm-al-Bukhar (Aleppo province) was carried out. To improve the living conditions of Syrian citizens and complete the restoration of infrastructure, it is necessary to deliver supplies to the settlements:
Ez-Zagria-tractors, 10 windows, 20 cubic meters of bricks, 15 cubic meters of cement, 1000 kg of finishing materials, 17 tons of construction fittings, 300 m of water pipes, 400 m of electric cable for the restoration of a residential building and a medical center;
Rasm-al-Bukhar – automobile crane, 20 windows, 11 cubic meters of bricks, 8 cubic meters of cement, 900 kg of finishing materials, 8 tons of construction fittings, 940 m of water pipes, 890 m of electric cable for the restoration of two residential buildings and a water pumping station.
The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of Public Works and Housing for obtaining construction materials for the restoration of objects.
Total since July 18, 20 on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic:
- 987 educational and 256 medical institutions, 4,968 residential buildings, 39.93 km of water supply networks, seven wells for drinking water, four cultural and leisure facilities, six administrative buildings, 0.1 km of sidewalk were restored.
- six automobile bridges and 1,820. 24 km of highways were repaired (0.3 km per day);
- 1,482. 69 km of power transmission lines have been laid;
- 273 water supply facilities, 325 bakeries, 839 electrical substations, four gas stations, 14,455 industrial enterprises, 54 lighting devices were put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, Essaouida, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,675 residential buildings, 221 schools, 176 preschool institutions, 240 medical institutions, 204 bakeries, 198 electrical substations, 279 water pumping stations and 89 religious buildings.
Provision of humanitarian and medical assistance
Over the past day, the Russian side conducted one humanitarian action in Elejlania (Latakia province), during which 226 food packages with a total weight of 1,259 tons were issued to the needy residents of the Syrian Arab Republic.
In total, 2,967 humanitarian actions were organized and conducted. 5,174.79 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.
Medical specialists of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation did not provide medical assistance to Syrian citizens.
In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.
Engineering units of the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out tasks for the day to clear the area and objects in Douma (Damascus province), Deraa and Osman (Deraa province).
11.7 hectares of the territory have been cleared. Three explosive objects (EDs) were found and destroyed, including one improvised explosive device (IED).
In total, 4 278.5 hectares of territory, 3 112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads were cleared. 43,194 EDs were detected and destroyed, including 5,694 IEDs.
Organizational arrangements for the reception of refugees
In the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus and Hama, a state program is being implemented to restore settlements in the territory liberated from militants. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.
The Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic for the Return of Refugees is carrying out socio-economic activities that are intensifying the process of restoring the country's infrastructure, taking measures to equip checkpoints and return refugees from abroad to their places of permanent residence.
The officers of the Center for Reconciliation of the Warring Parties and Control of the Movement of Refugees on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic did not hold working meetings on assistance in restoring infrastructure and creating conditions for the accommodation of refugees.