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28.09.2020 (12:00)

Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (September 28, 2020)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, 456 refugees (including 137 women, children – 233).) have returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of Lebanon through the Jaydet-Yabus And tell-Kalah checkpoints,

There was no withdrawal of refugees from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint.

A total of 605,702 people have returned from the territories of foreign countries since July 18, 2018, including:

  • from Lebanon – 210,454 people. (including: women – 63,279, children – 107,059), through the checkpoints "Jaydet Yabus"-126,415, "tell Kalah" – 77,005, "Zemrani" – 4,346, "El-Dabusiya" – 1,834, "El-Qusayr" – 854;
  • from Jordan through the Nasib checkpoint - 395,248 people. (including: women-118,618, children-201,569).

As of September 10, 2020, there are 6,712,125 Syrian refugees in 43 countries (Turkey – 3,618,918, Lebanon – 879,598, Jordan – 659,673, Germany – 595,124, Iraq – 243,011, Egypt – 130,047, the Netherlands – 63,670, Austria – 58,050, Denmark – 35,536, Greece – 58,273, Switzerland – 22,100, Cyprus – 2,602, Belgium – 25,311, Italy – 3,832, Romania – 1,156, Spain – 3,098, Ireland – 450, Bosnia Bosnia and Herzegovina – 350, Argentina – 392, Malta – 1,115, Poland – 251, Luxembourg – 553, Croatia – 250, Slovenia – 226, Iceland – 50, Bulgaria – 471, Hungary – 27, Slovakia – 12, Czech Republic – 1,320, great Britain – 17,525, Sweden – 137,152, Canada – 50,117, USA – 21,772, France – 36,050, Norway – 36,113, Brazil – 5,074, Finland – 2,631, Portugal – 753, Lithuania – 544, Albania – 250, Peru – 29, Uruguay – 28, Serbia – 621).

An estimated 1,297,168 Syrians from fifteen countries (Lebanon – 645,128, Turkey – 70,041, Germany – 60,115, Austria – 103, Switzerland – 17, Jordan – 458,021, Iraq – 847, Greece – 30,372, Denmark – 150, the Netherlands – 29,244, Lithuania – 30, Malta – 541, Canada – 2,517, Argentina – 18, Uruguay – 24) expressed a desire to return to their homeland.

From 30 September 2015 to Syria from the territories of foreign States returned 834 982 people. (including: women – 250,555, children – 425,550).

Currently, 10 checkpoints are deployed, including:

  • five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Tal-Kalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr);
  • one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
  • on the territory of Syria – two ("Salhiyah", "Jleb»);
  • one CP at Damascus international airport (Duval);
  • one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

There was no withdrawal of refugees to their places of permanent residence during the day.

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. A total of 67,711 people have returned since August 25, 2018. (including: women-24,981, children-28,193), 2 482 units of equipment were withdrawn.

No refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). A total of 23,597 people have returned since February 19, 2019. (including: women – 6,477, children – 11,187), 1,812 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. A total of 19,785 people have left the camp since March 23, 2019. (including: women – 5,635, children – 9,825), 947 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. A total of 46,801 people have left the zone since March 4, 2018 (including: women - 15,142, children - 21,284), 4,818 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Since January 13, 2020, 1,873 people have left the zone. (including: women – 687, children-761), 63 units of equipment were withdrawn.

Since September 30, 2015, 1,335,001 internally displaced persons have returned to their places of permanent residence (including: women – 405,702, children – 671,098), and since January 1, 2019 – 66,405 people. (including: women – 23,143, children – 27,332).

Cities and towns ready to receive refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

During the day, two residential buildings were restored (Aleppo – one, Quneitra – one).

An assessment of the state of infrastructure, socially significant objects, and the availability of stocks of construction materials and material resources in Jerud (Damascus province)and Tell-Masa (Aleppo province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

  • Jerud – excavator, dump truck, 14 windows, 11 cubic meters of bricks, 10 cubic meters of cement, 8 tons of construction fittings, 850 kg of finishing materials, 900 m of water pipes, 700 m of electric cable for the restoration of three residential buildings;
  • Tell-Masa – dump truck, automobile crane, 15 windows, 17 cubic meters of bricks, 12 cubic meters of cement, 7 tons of construction fittings, 980 kg of finishing materials, 1,000 m of water pipes, 800 m of electric cable for the restoration of two residential buildings and a bakery.

The management of the Banias oil refinery has announced that more than 50% of the total amount of work on major repairs of equipment at the facility has been completed.

The heads of local self-government bodies sent applications to the Ministry of public works and housing construction to obtain construction materials for the restoration of objects.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

  • 972 educational and 241 medical institutions, 4,780 residential buildings (two residential buildings per day) were restored);
  • six road bridges and 1,575. 19 km of roads were repaired (1 km per day);
  • 1,359. 62 km of power lines laid;
  • 199 water supply facilities, 320 bakeries, 790 electric substations, three gas stations, and 14,450 industrial enterprises were put into operation.

Currently, in 345 localities in the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Deraa, suwayda, Quneitra and Raqqa, work is underway to restore and repair 2,671 residential buildings, 225 schools,178 preschool institutions, 242 medical institutions, 211 bakeries, 203 electrical substations, 283 water pumping stations and 89 religious buildings.

Humanitarian and medical assistance

Over the past day, the Russian side conducted four humanitarian actions, during which 1,760 food packages with a total weight of 11.7 tons were issued to the needy residents of the Syrian Arab Republic:

  • in Al-Kiva (Quneitra province) 440 food packages with a total weight of 2.66 tons were issued ;
  • in Sal (Aleppo province) 440 food packages with a total weight of 3.01 tons were issued;
  • in es-Saranda (province of Raqqa) issued 440 food parcels with a total weight of 3.01 t;
  • in Keselica (province of Hasakah) issued 440 food parcels with a total weight of 3.01 t

In total, 2,561 humanitarian actions were organized and carried out. 4,338,69 tons of food, bottled water and basic necessities were delivered and distributed to Syrian citizens.

No Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

In total, medical specialists provided assistance to 132,874 residents of Syria.

Mine Clearance

Engineering units of the Armed Forces of the Syrian Arab Republic carried out mine clearance tasks in Douma (Damascus province), Jasim, and al-Harra (Deraa province) during the day.

1,9 ha of the territory. They found and defused 37 explosive devices.

Total cleared: 3,259. 7 ha of territory, 3,112 buildings (structures), 273.4 km of roads. They found and defused 39,564 explosive devices including 5,435 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program includes three stages: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, and the return of residents to their places of permanent residence.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic held two working meetings on assistance in restoring infrastructure and creating conditions for the accommodation of refugees:

  • with the leadership of religious denominations in Hama province on the role of religious organizations in ensuring the return of refugees to their former places of residence;
  • with the management of the department of the Hama provincial office of the SACP on accounting for the movement of refugees from temporary residence centers.

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