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20.09.2019 (10:00)

Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (September 20, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,088 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 396 people (137 women and 233 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 692 people (208 women and 353 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 407,088 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

  • 128,386 refugees have left Lebanon (16,893 women and 28,414 children), with 76,709 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 44,643 via Talkalakh;
  • 278,702 people (83,647 women and 142,126 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,646,677 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,003 women and 3,389,805 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,318,357 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,654,173, Lebanon - 926,717, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 130,371, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 636,368 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (131,057 women, 222,613 children).

Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

  • five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
  • one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
  • four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);
  • one CP at Damascus international airport;
  • one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 8 Syrians returned back to:

  • No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);
  • No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,161 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

Eight people (women - 1, children - 1), 5 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 21,441 people (women – 5,842, children 10,310), 1,508 vehicles and 4,909 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 17,934 people (women 5,125, children 8,994), 842 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left Idlib de-escalation zone through checkpoints Suran and Abu-al-Dukhur. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,790 people (women – 14,430, children 20,423), 4,753 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,304,284 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (386,338 women, 648,448 children). Since January 1, 2019, 35,688 IDPs (4,383 women, 5,478 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,044,250 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 343 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Five buildings have been recovered over the past day (Samyah (al-Suwayda province) - three, Alma (Daraa province) - three), as well as a medical centre in Falita (Damascus province) and a industry interprise in Zagrin (Hama province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Douma (Damascus province), and al-Shir (Hama province).

 In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

  • Douma – a excavator, a wheeled cement mixer, 18 windows, 15cu m of brick, 9 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 750kg of lime and filling, 950m of water pipes, 1,050m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses and a medical centre.
  • al-Shir – a dump truck, wheeled crane, 20 windows, 14 cu m of brick, 15 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 850kg of lime and filling, 1,050m of water pipes, 1,150m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a bakery.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

  • 200 medical (one over the past day) and 897 educational organizations have been recovered;
  • five road bridges and 1,087.9 km of roads were recovered (0.4km - over the past day);
  • 1,008.1 km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);
  • 720 power substations (one over the past day), 171 water supply facilities, 247 bakeries, 14,428 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,650 houses, 220 schools, 165 kindergartens, 190 bakeries, 265 water pump stations, 205 power substations, 225 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,207 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,598.86 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

In total, 106,163 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

3,2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 57 explosive devices.

In total: 2,436.4ha of the territory, 3,112 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 26,064 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

  • in Damascus with Sheikh Mohammed al-Dais on the return of Syrian citizens from territory controlled by Kurds;
  • in Hama with the governor of the province, Muhammad Khazzuri, on interaction with representatives of the SARC and Muhabarat when moving refugees through the Suran checkpoint and their further acomodation, as well as the restoration of infrastructure in the liberated areas of the province;
  • at the Hmeymim Air Base with the head of security of Mukhabarat, on coordinating monitoring humanitarian actions.
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