Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (September 18, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,209 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 478 people (143 women and 243 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 732 people (220 women and 373 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 404,634 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
127,572 refugees have left Lebanon (16,893 women and 28,414 children), with 76,220 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 44,318 via Talkalakh;
277,062 people (29,266 women and 49,694 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,646,677 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,003 women and 3,389,805 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,316,993 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,658,250, Lebanon - 924,161, Jordan - 657,445, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 130,371, Iraq - 228,851, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 633,914 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (158,569 women, 269,357 children).
Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that no Syrians returned back to:
No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);
No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,161 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.
no refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 21,169 people (women – 5,842, children 10,310), 1,464 vehicles and 4,909 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 17,934 people (women 5,082, children 8,720), 842 vehicles have left the area.
Over the past day, no refugees have left Idlib de-escalation zone through checkpoints Suran and Abu-al-Dukhur. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,790 people (women – 14,430, children 20,423), 4,753 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,304,012 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (391,902women, 657, children). Since January 1, 2019, 35,416 IDPs (9,343 women, 13,677 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Six buildings have been recovered over the past day (Hazzeh (Damascus province) - three, Rasm al-Ahmar (Hama province) - three), a bakery in Madhir (Raqqa province) and an industry enterprise in Kreya (al-Suwayda province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province) and Hazzeh (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
al-Salhiyah - a wheeled crane, 19 duraliminim windows, 7 cu m of cement, 8 cu m of lumber, 13 floor slabs, 1,160m of electric cables to restore two houses and one medical centre.
Hazzeh – dump truck, and excavator, 27 duraliminim windows, 15 cu m of cement, 9 cu m of lumber, 350kg of lime and filling, 1,200m of water tubes, 1,850m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses and a power substation.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
198 medical and 897 educational organizations have been recovered;
five road bridges and 1,087.1 km of roads were recovered (0.2km - over the past day);
1,007.5 km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);
719 power substations, 171 water supply facilities, 247 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,427 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,644 houses, 219 schools, 166 kindergartens, 190 bakeries, 265 water pump stations, 206 power substations, 227 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.
No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,207 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,598.86 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
In total, 106,163 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).
2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 27 explosive devices.
In total: 2,430.3ha of the territory, 3,112 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 25,978 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces.
The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.
National Reconciliation Committees hold talks about a voluntary transition to the government and the surrender of weapons, the status of former members of illegal armed groups and the population living in previously occupied territories, as well as internally displaced persons.
The coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic for the return of refugees has been carrying out socio-economic activities to enhance the process of rebuilding the country's infrastructure, and measures have been taken to equip checkpoints and return refugees from abroad to their places of permanent residence.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held no working meetings.