Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 29, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,666 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 378 people (89 women and 152 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,288 people (304 women and 516 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 329,610 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
106,690 refugees have left Lebanon (29,314 women and 49,492 children), with 63,692 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 35,964 via Talkalakh;
222,920 people (66,920 women and 113,678 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,637,757 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,327 women and 3,385,256 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,308,073 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 929,624, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,473, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 558,890 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (140,998 women, 221,579 children).
Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 12 Syrians returned back to:
Since August 25, in total 41,121 people (women - 14,121, children - 18,801), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah;
Since February 19, 2019, in total, 20,533 people (women – 5,618, children 9,927), 1,332 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.
Since March 23, 2019, in total 17,458 people (women 5,082, children 8,720), 805 vehicles have left the area.
Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone;
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,303,282 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (386,683 women, 648,923 children). Since January 1, 2019, 34,686 IDPs (10,795 women, 15,974 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Over the past day: Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (al-Suhne - two (Homs province), Qarahta - two (Damascus province), Fafin - three (Aleppo province)) and a power station in Abu Rubeis (Hama province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Al-Rastan (Homs province), and Saida (al-Quneitra province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Al-Rastan – a excavator, a dump truck, 20 windows, 4 cu m of brick, 8 cu m of cement, 1.5 tons of building bars, 350kg of lime and filling, 740m of water pipes, 1,250m of electric cables to overhaul six houses and a power station;
Saida – an excavator, a grader, a dump truck, 18 windows, 13 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 1,250kg of lime and filling, 1,150m of water pipes, 2,500m of electric cables to overhaul five houses, a medical station and a power station.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
185 medical and 879 educational organizations have been recovered;
five road bridges and 1,074.8 km of roads were recovered (0.1km - over the past day);
993.9km of power line have been installed (0.2 km - over the past day);
695 power substations (one over the past day), 158 water supply facilities, 225 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,422 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,568 houses, 219 schools, 164 kindergartens, 188 bakeries, 255 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 188 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.
Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Bayt-Sawa (Damascus province) to distribute 750 food sets with a total weight of 3.63 tons.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,173 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,509.23 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Seven civilians including five children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 105,598 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).
2.2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 35 explosive devices.
In total: 2,312.7ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 24,125 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:
with the representative of the Harmony and Social Stabilization Committee in Idlib demilitarized zone;
in Damascus with the representative of Unites Nations on the organization of the withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp;
in Aleppo with Mayor to discuss rehabilitation social infrastructure.