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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 28, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,665 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 428 people (89 women and 152 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,237 people (304 women and 516 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 323,547 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

105,216 refugees have left Lebanon (29,314 women and 49,492 children), with 62,808 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 35,374 via Talkalakh;

218,331 people (65,532 women and 111,337 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,637,757 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,327 women and 3,385,256 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,308,073 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 929,624, Jordan - 662,010, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,433, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 552,827 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (139,861 women, 237,569 children).

Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 379 Syrians returned back to:

Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (41,570 women, 68,689 children);

Since August 25, in total 41,115 people (women - 14,121, children - 18,801), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah;

379 people, 31 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 20,512 people (women – 5,782, children 10,017), 1,319 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.

379 people (women - 90, children - 161), 31 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence the Rukban refugee camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 17,458 people (women 5,082, children 8,720), 805 vehicles have left the area.

Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone;

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,303,255 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (393,424 women, 659,660 children). Since January 1, 2019, 34,659 IDPs (10,865 women, 15,894 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Sheikh - three (Daraa province), Deir Habiyah - three (Damascus province)), a kindergarten in Hmira (Hama province) and a bakery in Harran (al-Suwayda province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Smah (Hama province), and Dusariyah (Homs province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Smah – two dump trucks, a bulldozer, 22 duraliminim windows, 4 cu m of cement, 3 cu m of lumber, 250kg of finishing materials (filler, lime), 1,500m of electric cables to restore three houses and one medical centre.

Dusariyah – an excavator, a dump truck, 7 cu m of bricks, 16 windows, 6 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 360kg of lime and filling, 1,570m of water pipes, 1,630m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, a medical post and a bakery.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

184 medical and 878 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,074 km of roads were recovered (0.1km - over the past day);

993 km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

691 power substations, 158 water supply facilities, 2242 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,422 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,562 houses, 220 schools, 164 kindergartens, 189 bakeries, 254 water pump stations, 208 power substations, 189 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,169 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,498.34 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Eight civilians including 3 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,570 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2,2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 31 explosive devices.

In total: 2,303.48ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,994 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

in Aleppo with the Head of state security on the exchange of information on illegal armed groups in the area;

in Hama on compiling a list of settlements in the Idlib de-escalation zone requiring humanitarian actions in the first place and finding ways to solve the problem of refugees leaving through the Suran checkpoint.

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