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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 23, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,486 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 375 people (52 women and 89 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,111 people (326 women and 553 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 320,760 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

104,444 refugees have left Lebanon (29,314 women and 49,492 children), with 62,345 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 35,065 via Talkalakh;

216,316 people (32,467 women and 55,139 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,637,757 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,327 women and 3,385,256 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,308,073 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 929,624, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,473, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 550,040 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (129,814 women, 220,499 children).

Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that two Syrians returned back to:

Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);

Since August 25, in total 41,115 people (women - 14,121, children - 18,801), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah;

One person, and two vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 20,129 people (women – 5,618, children 9,927), 1,285 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.

Since March 23, 2019, in total 17,079 people (women 3,453, children 6,334), 774 vehicles have left the area.

Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone;

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,302,872 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,954 women, 659,099 children). Since January 1, 2019, 34,276 IDPs (10,359 women, 15,333 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Djafra - three, Deir ez-Zor province, Arbin - two, Damascus province, Atil - one, al-Suwayda province) as well as a school in Umm Tine, Aleppo province, and a power substation in Gizin, Hama province.

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Kairouan and Muraywid (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Kairouan –  a tractor, a dump truck, 16 windows, 6 cu m of brick, 6 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 400kg of lime and filling, 400m of water pipes, 850m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses, and a medical centre.

Muraywid – a excavator, a dump truck, a mobile drilling unit, 14 windows, 5 cu m of brick, 6 cu m of cement, 4 tons of building bars, 350kg of lime and filling, 1,500m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, a medical centre and a water well.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

184 medical and 877 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,073.4 km of roads were recovered (0.4km - over the past day);

992.3km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

691 power substations (one over the past day), 157 water supply facilities, 222 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,422 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,561 houses, 220 schools, 165 kindergartens, 189 bakeries, 254 water pump stations, 206 power substations, 215 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,169 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,498.34 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Five civilians including a child received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,553 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2.3 ha of the territory. They found and defused 38 explosive devices.

In total: 2,299.2ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,933 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

in Hatlah (Deir ez-Zor province) with representatives of the administration discuss cooperation in infrastructure rehabilitation and  creation of favourable conditions for returning refugees;

in Aleppo with the Deputy Governor of Aleppo province on social issues, on the dynamics of the restoration of the infrastructure of Aleppo province and the specification of data on settlements ready to receive refugees.

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