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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 19, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,471 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 365 people (117 women and 199 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,106 people (352 women and 598 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 314,740 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

102,992 refugees have left Lebanon (18,602 women and 31,303 children), with 61,474 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 34,484 via Talkalakh;

211,748 people (33,048 women and 56,125 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for July 4, 2019 there are still 6,647,187 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,156 women and 3,390,065 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,317,503 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,473, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 544,020 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (129,814 women, 220,499 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that five Syrians returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,003 women, 70,169 children);

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,115 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

5 people, 4 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 20,117 people (women – 5,618, children 9,927), 1,277 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 17,079 people (women 3,453, children 6,334), 774 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,302,860 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,954 women, 659,099 children). Since January 1, 2019, 34,264 IDPs (10,359 women, 15,333 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Five buildings were recovered over the past day (Dumair (Damascus province) - two, al-Bab (Aleppo province) - one, Qubbasin (Aleppo province) - two) a industry enterprise in Zagrin (Hama province) and a hospital in Sabbura (Hama province).

They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Al-Tabiyah (Deir ez-Zor province) and Shasmin (Homs province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Etbaa  – a wheeled crane, a bulldozer, two dump trucks, 16 windows, 4 cu m of brick, 5 cu m of cement, 2 tons of building bars, 650kg of lime and filling, 350m of water pipes, 920m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses and a power substation.

Shasmin – an excavator, a mobile drilling unit, a grader, 18 windows, 15 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 1,250kg of lime and filling, 2,350m of water pipes, 850m of electric cables and 13 tons of building bars to overhaul three houses and a water pump station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

181 medical and 877 educational organizations (oner over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,072 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);

991 km of power line have been installed (0.5km - over the past day);

689 power substations (one over the past day), 155 water supply facilities, 220 bakeries, 14,422 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,550 houses, 221 schools, 165 kindergartens, 213 medical centres, 191 bakeries, 209 power substations, 253 water pump stations, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,165 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,488.66 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Eight civilians including 3 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,523 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

1,7 ha of the territory. They found and defused 37 explosive devices.

In total: 2,289.2ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,793 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held five working meetings:

in DAMASK, with the Executive Head of the Syrian Committee for Social Development to agree on the text of joint statement;

in Mazlum (Deir ez-Zor province) with the Head of local administration to discuss power supply rehabilitation;

with Governor of Aleppo province to discuss areas for humanitarian actions;

in Aleppo with the representative of the Ba'ath party of Aleppo province, on the interaction of the department with the bureau of education and the organization of humanitarian actions in educational institutions;

at Hmeymim airbase on organization of the humanitarian action on July 20 in Qamva Qarzbil (Latakia province).

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