Site Map Facebook Twitter Youtube Instagram VKontakte Odnoklassniki
Home  < Mission in Syria  < More

Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 15, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,936 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 398 people (103 women and 175 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,538 people (305 women and 518 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 308,700 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

  • 101,542 refugees have left Lebanon (18,602 women and 31,303 children), with 60,605 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 33,903 via Talkalakh;
  • 207,158 people (28,873 women and 49,026 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,647,187 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,156 women and 3,390,065 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,317,503 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,473, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 537,980 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (130,449 women, 221,579 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

  • five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
  • one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
  • four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);
  • one CP at Damascus international airport;
  • one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that a Syrian returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,003 women, 70,169 children);

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,115 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

One person, and a vehicle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 19,644 people (women – 5,317, children 9,461), 1,242 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 16,616 people (women 4,624, children 6,334), 748 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,302,387 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (391,233 women, 656,481 children). Since January 1, 2019, 33,791 IDPs (8,674 women, 12,715 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Five buildings were recovered over the past day (Abu Qatur - three (Homs province), Djaddua - two (Hama province)), a school in Hanasser (Aleppo province) and a water pump station in Jayrud (Damascus province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Daraa (Daraa province), and Qubbet-al-Kurdi (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

  • Daraa - a bulldozer, a wheeled crane, two dump trucks, 1,650kg of fishing materials, 22 tons of building bars, 45 windows, 25 cu m of cement, 1,150m of water pipes, 1,900 m of electric cables, 29 cu m of brick to recover eight houses, and a power supply station.
  • Kubbet-al-Kurdi – a drilling unit, a wheeled crane, an excavator, three dump trucks, 28 windows, 17cu m of brick, 15 cu m of cement, 14 tons of building bars, 1,650kg of finishing materials, 2,650m of water pipes, 1,100m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a water pump station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

  • 179 medical and 876 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;
  • five road bridges and 1,070.7 km of roads were recovered (0.4 km - over the past day);
  • 989.5 km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);
  • 687 power substations, 155 water supply facilities (one over the past day), 219 bakeries, 14,420 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,542 houses, 221 schools, 165 kindergartens, 190 bakeries, 251 water pump stations, 208 power substations, 213 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,164 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,486.24 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Five civilians including three children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,485 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2,1 ha of the territory. They found and defused 32 explosive devices.

In total: 2,281.2ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,650 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held five working meetings:

  • in Daraa with the head of the province and a representative of the families who wish to return to their homes in Habaru;
  • in Aleppo with the chairman of the Harmony and Social Stabilization Committee in Idlib demilitarized zone to discuss situation and ceasefire regime observation in the de-militarized zone.
  • in Aleppo with the Head of the Water Supply Department in order to work out the issue of restoring the functioning of the water supply station Ain al-Baida;
  • in Hama province with the secretary of the Ba'ath Party, engineer Ashraf Bashuri on clarifying the tasks of the committee on reconciliation of opposing sides and the organization of humanitarian actions.
ServerCode=node1 isCompatibilityMode=false