Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 12, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,482 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 329 people (99 women and 167 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,153 people (335 women and 569 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 302,413 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
99,770 refugees have left Lebanon (29,314 women and 49,492 children), with 59,542 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 33,194 via Talkalakh;
202,643 people (60,827 women and 103,336 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,647,187 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,156 women and 3,390,065 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,317,503 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,473, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 531,693 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (154,323 women, 262,142 children).
Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 7 Syrians returned back to:
No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,003 women, 70,169 children);
No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,115 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.
Seven people, five vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 19,622 people (women – 5,317, children 9,461), 1,233 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 16,616 people (women 4,624, children 6,334), 748 vehicles have left the area.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,302,365 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (391,233 women, 656,481 children). Since January 1, 2019, 33,769 IDPs (10,547 women, 15,601 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Over the past day: Five buildings were recovered over the past day (Tell Daman - three (Aleppo province), Huvarin - two (Homs province)), a hospital in Abbade (Damascus province) and a power sub station in Aqraba (Daraa province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Deir ez-Zor and Dusariyah (Homs province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Deir ez-Zor – a grader, 14 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 7 cu m of cement, 2 tons of building bars, 210kg of lime and filling, 460m of water pipes, 1,870m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a power station;
Dusariyah – an excavator, a dump truck, 7 cu m of bricks, 16 windows, 6 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 360kg of lime and filling, 1,570m of water pipes, 1,630m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, a medical post and a bakery.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
179 medical (one over the past day) and 874 educational organizations have been recovered;
five road bridges and 1069.9 km of roads were recovered (0.5 km - over the past day);
988.5km of power line have been installed (0.2 km - over the past day);
685 power substations (one over the past day), 154 water supply facilities, 218 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,420 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,540 houses, 222 schools, 165 kindergartens, 189 bakeries, 250 water pump stations, 209 power substations, 213 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,161 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,478.98 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Nine civilians including three children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 105,464 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).
1.8 ha of the territory. They found and defused 48 explosive devices.
In total: 2,247.6ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,541 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:
with Aleppo's Governor to discuss rehabilitation of infrastructure and facilities.
in Damascus with the Head of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent on the organization of the withdrawal of refugees from the Rukban camp;