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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 8, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,825 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 407 people (52 women and 89 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,418 people (326 women and 553 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 296,536 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

98,409 refugees have left Lebanon (29,314 women and 49,492 children), with 58,726 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 32,649 via Talkalakh;

198,127 people (59,472 women and 101,032 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,647,187 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,156 women and 3,390,065 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,317,503 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,473, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 525,816 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (131,057 women, 222,613 children).

Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that three Syrians returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,003 women, 70,169 children);

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,101 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

Three people (women - 2, children - 1), two vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 19,091 people (women – 5,317, children 9,461), 1,192 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 16,097 people (women 4,624, children 6,334), 716 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,301,820 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (384,416 women, 646,170 children). Since January 1, 2019, 33,224 IDPs (1,857 women, 2,404 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Ayash - two, Deir ez-Zor province, Sadad - two, Homs province, Qurqus - two, al-Quneitra province) as well as a school in Hazzeh, Damascus province, and a power substation in Hawsh Qubaybat, Damascusprovince.

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Tasil (Daraa province), and Balat (Aleppo province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Tasil – a wheeled crane, 12 windows, 3 cu m of brick, 3 cu m of cement, 2 tons of building bars, 200kg of lime and filling, 600m of water pipes, 700m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses;

Balat – a grader, a tractor, 15 windows, 12 cu m of brick, 10 cu m of cement, 12 tons of building bars, 950kg of lime and filling, 1,800m of water pipes, 1,900m of electric cables to overhaul five houses, water intake station and a power supply station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

178 medical and 874 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1068.5 km of roads were recovered (0.5 km - over the past day);

987.1km of power line have been installed (0.2 km - over the past day);

683 power substations (one over the past day), 153 water supply facilities, 216 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,418 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,532 houses, 221 schools, 165 kindergartens, 210 medical centres, 191 bakeries, 208 power substations, 249 water pump stations, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,159 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,474.14 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Nine civilians including three children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,428 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2.8 ha of the territory. They found and defused 36 explosive devices.

In total: 2,266 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,383 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

in Damascus with the Assistant of Local Administration Minister on the issue of coordinating the joint statement of the Joint Coordination Committee of the Russian Federation and the Syrian Arab Republic;

with the representative of the Harmony and Social Stabilization Committee in Idlib demilitarized zone.

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