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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 7, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,979 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 433 people (89 women and 152 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,546 people (304 women and 516 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 293,214 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

97,630 refugees have left Lebanon (29,314 women and 49,492 children), with 58,259 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 32,337 via Talkalakh;

195,584 people (30,681 women and 52,105 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,647,187 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,156 women and 3,390,065 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,317,503 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,473, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 522,494 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (139,861 women, 237,569 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 14 Syrians returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,003 women, 70,169 children);

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,101 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

Fourteen people, nine vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 19,086 people (women – 5,317, children 9,461), 1,189 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 16,097 people (women 4,624, children 6,334), 716 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,301,815 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (384,416 women, 646,170 children). Since January 1, 2019, 33,219 IDPs (1,857 women, 2,404 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Sheikh Hilal - three (Hama province), al-Safira - two (Aleppo province), Khusham - two (Deir ez-Zor province)) and an industrial enterprise in Daraa province.

They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Marr Shahur (Hama province) and Kafr Nan (Homs province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Maar Shahur – a grader, a dump trucks, 6 cu m of brick, 22 windows, 5 tons of building bars, 600kg of lime and filling, 800m of water pipes, 900m of electric cables, 6 cu m of cement to overhaul five houses, a school and a hospital.

Kafr Nan – a drilling unit, a wheeled crane, a dump truck, 22 windows, 11 cu m of brick, 15 cu m of cement, 12 tons of building bars, 1,300kg of lime and filling, 1,750m of water pipes, 1,000m of electric cables to overhaul 5 houses and a water pump station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

178 medical and 872 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,067.05 km of roads were recovered (0.3 km - over the past day);

986.5 km of power line have been installed (0.5km - over the past day);

681 power substations (one over the past day), 153 water supply facilities, 215 bakeries, 14,418 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,531 houses, 221 schools, 164 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 247 water pump stations, 209 power substations, 210 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,156 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,466.88 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Four civilians including one child received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,408 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2.9 ha of the territory. They found and defused 29
explosive devices.

In total: 2,260.6ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,307 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

with Governor of Aleppo province to discuss areas for humanitarian actions;

with the Head of Homs city Security Committee on situation in the province.

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