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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 16, 2019)

Over the past day, in total 1,154 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 329 people (99 women and 167 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 825 people (248 women and 421 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 263,368 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

89,835 refugees have left Lebanon (27,104 women and 45,735 children), with 53,583 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 29,218 via Talkalakh;

173,533 people (52,091 women and 88,489 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,639,576 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,890 women and 3,386,212 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 45 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,309,892 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 252,983, Egypt - 132,162, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia -

530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 492,648 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (147,853 women, 251,146 children).

Twelve CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, al-Dabusiya, Talkalakh and al-Qusayr);

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, al-Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 16 Syrians returned back to their places of permanenet residence.

\ Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);

six people (three women, 2 children) have returned to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.

Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,082 people (women – 14,118 children 18,794), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle have returned back to the places of permanent residence.

10 people (women - 2, children - 4), two vehicles and 50 heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 17,267 people (women – 4,776, children - 8,577), 1,053 vehicles and 4,711 heads of cattle.

No refugees have left the Rukban camp over the past day. Since February 23, 2019, in total 14,347 people (women 4,087, children 7,296), 608 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,977 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,409 women, 658,203 children). Since January 1, 2019, 31,381 IDPs (9,850 women, 14,437 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past 24 hours they have recovered two houses in Rami, al-Suwayda, - one, and Hanasser, Aleppo province, - one, as well as a power substation in Sigata, Hama province.

They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in al-Dimas (Damascus province), and al-Mushrifah (Homs province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

al-Dimas – a grader, a dump truck, 13 windows, 24 cu m of brick, 19 cu m of cement, 13 tons of building bars, 800kg of finishing material, 1,250m of water pipes, 1,850m of electric cables to overhaul six houses and a power substation;

Mushayrifah – an excavator, a dump truck, 29 windows, 16 cu m of brick, 18 cu m of cement, 14 tons of building bars, 1,750kg of lime and filling, 1,450m of water pipes, 1,800m of electric cables to overhaul eight houses and a industrial enterprise;

Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since the beginning of the season, the harvest of grain crops has been removed from the area of 481,000 hectares in the province of Al-Hasakah (barley from 348,000 hectares, wheat from 133,000 hectares). A total of 947 combine harvesters are involved.. The total area under crops is 910,000 hectares.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

175 medical and 863 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,059.3 km of roads were recovered (0.3km - over the past day);

979.3km of power line have been installed (0.4 km - over the past day);

657 power substations (one over the past day), 150 water supply facilities, 203 bakeries, 14,416 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,489 houses, 219 schools, 166 kindergartens, 198 bakeries, 244 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been two humanitarian action to distribute 1,000 food sets with a total weight of 4.35 tons.

People in Magrit, Latakia province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.175 tons.

People in Al-Tabiyah, Deir ez-Zor province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.175 tons.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,140 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,431.63 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Eleven civilians including five children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,251 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).

In total, 2,9 ha of the territory have been cleared up.

They found and defused 29 explosive devices.They have cleared up:2,211.5ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,631 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

in Damascus with the adviser to the national reconciliation committee on the organization of interaction and stabilization of the situation in the southern provinces;

in Hama with the head of public affairs of Idlib province to discuss school examinations and the possibility of refugees leaving the Idlib de-escalation zone;

with Deir ez-Zor administration (Deir ez-Zor province) to discuss reconstruction of social facilities.

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