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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 13, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,122 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 345 people (103 women and 176 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 777 people (233 women and 396 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 259,538 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

88,714 refugees have left Lebanon (26,767 women and 45,163 children), with 52,911 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 28,769 via Talkalakh;

170,824 people (51,278 women and 87,107 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,639,576 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,890 women and 3,386,212 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,309,892 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 252,983, Egypt - 132,473, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19). 

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 488,818 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (146,703 women, 249,192 children).

Twelve CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, al-Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 822 Syrians returned back to:

none in Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province). Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);

14 people (women - 5, children - 7) to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,076 people (women – 14,115 children 18,792), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle have returned back to the places of permanent residence.

808 people (women - 270, children - 416), 38 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 17,250 people (women – 4,771, children 8,573), 1,049 vehicles and 4,661 heads of cattle.

Besides, 808 people (270 women and 416 children), and 38 vehicles have left the Rukban camp. Since February 23, 2019, in total 14,347 people (women 4,087, children 7,296), 608 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,954 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,401 women, 658,197 children). Since January 1, 2019, 31,358 IDPs (9,842 women, 14,431 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Three houses have been recovered over the past 24 hours in Al Rabiaa, Hama province, (two), and Khel, Daraa province, (one), as well as a water pump station in Quseiba, al-Quneitra province, and a bakery in Blat, Aleppo province.

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Rasm-al-Harmal (Aleppo province) and Beyt-Nayem (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Rasm-al-Harmal – a tractor, a dump truck, 39 windows, 16 cu m of brick, 15 cu m of cement, 950kg of finishing material, 2,500m of water pipes, 1,800m of electric cables and 12 tons of building bars to overhaul 11 houses, a power station and a water pump station;

Beyt-Nayem – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 25 windows, 28 cu m of brick, 21 cu m of cement, 15 tons of building bars, 1,350kg of lime and filling, 1,480m of water pipes, 1,080m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a bakery.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

The management of Syrian Railways announced the start of passenger traffic between Tatous and Latakia. The trains run twice a day, the ticket price is 125 Syrian pounds (less than 30 US cents).

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

174 medical and 862 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1 057.9 km of roads were recovered (0.5km - over the past day);

978.6km of power line have been installed (0.6 km - over the past day);

654 power substations (one over the past day), 150 water supply facilities, 202 bakeries (one over the past day), 14 415 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2 477 houses, 219 schools, 166 kindergartens, 198 bakeries, 244 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,136 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,422.93 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

NIne civilians including four children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,223 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).

In total, 2.8 ha of the territory have been cleared up. They found and defused 35 explosive devices,

They have cleared up: 2,202.6ha of the territory, 3 317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,526 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

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