Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 12, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,038 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 327 people (98 women and 167 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 711 people (213 women and 363 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 258,416 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
88,369 refugees have left Lebanon (26,664 women and 44,987 children), with 52,704 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 28,631 via Talkalakh;
170,047 people (51,045 women and 86,711 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,639,576 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,890 women and 3,386,212 children among them.
45 Russian embassies in foreign countries, where the Syrian refugees, and thirty countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Iraq, Egypt, the Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland Malta, Poland, Bosnia
and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the quantitative data on the location
in these states the Syrian citizens.
At present there are 6,309,892 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 252,983, Egypt - 132,473, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 487,696 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (146,367 women, 248,620 children).
Twelve CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, al-Dabusiya, Talkalakh and al-Qusayr);
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, al-Suran);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,132 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,126 women, 657,774 children). Since January 1, 2019, - 30,536 people (9,567 women, 14,008 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Five building have been recovered over the past 24 hours in Gasem, Daraa province, (three), Umm-Walad, al-Suwayda province, (two), as well as a bakery in Ithriyah (Raqqa province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Marr Shahur (Hama province) and Qusayr (Daraa province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Maar Shahur – a grader, a dump truck, 4 cu m of brick, 9 windows, 3 tons of building bars, 600kg of finishing material, 400m of water pipes, 300m of electric cables, 3 cu m of cement to overhaul three houses, a school and a hospital.
Qusayr – a grader, a dump truck, 12 windows, 8 cu m of brick, 7 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 600kg of finishing material, 600m of water pipes, 800m of electric cables to overhaul four houses and a bakery.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Public utilities in al-Nebek (Damascus province) have launched a number of projects to improve infrastructure and repair roads. It is planned to expand the industrial zone adjacent to the settlement by 600 meters, to carry out maintenance of sewage networks and water supply systems. For this purpose 300,000 US dollars have been allocate from the budget.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
174 medical and 862 educational organizations have been recovered;
five road bridges and 1,057.4 km of roads were recovered (0.5km - over the past day);
977.6km of power line have been installed (0.4 km - over the past day);
654 power substations (one over the past day), 145 water supply facilities, 201 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,415 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2 463 houses, 219 schools, 166 kindergartens, 198 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 206 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,136 humanitarian actions, delivering 3 ,22.93 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Eight civilians including two children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 105,214 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).
In total, 3 ha of the territory have been cleared up.
They found and defused 36 explosive devices.They have cleared up:2,199.6ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,491 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:
in Damascus with the representatives of the Syrian National Reconciliation Committee to discuss situation in southern provinces;
in Aleppo with Deputy Governor on social affairs to discuss rehabilitation social infrastructure in the province;
in Aleppo with the head of the Ba'ath Party to sum up the results of the humanitarian and charitable actions.