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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 11, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 986 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 354 people (107 women and 180 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 632 people (190 women and 322 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 257,378 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

88,042 refugees have left Lebanon (26,566 women and 44,820 children), with 52,508 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 28,500 via Talkalakh;

169,336 people (50,832 women and 86,348 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for May 16, 2019 there are still 6,638,968 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,690 women and 3,385,874 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,309,420 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 938,531, Jordan - 660,393, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 253,371, Egypt - 132,162, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,496, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,289, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,630, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 486,658 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (146,056 women, 248,090 children).

Twelve CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, al-Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 36 Syrians returned back to:

in Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province). Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);

17 people (women - 6, children - 6) to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,062 people (women – 14,110 children 18,785), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle have returned back to the places of permanent residence.

19 people (women - 6, children - 4), three vehicles and 60 heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 16,442 people (women – 4,501, children 8,157), 1,011 vehicles and 4,661 heads of cattle.

No refugees have left the Rukban camp over the past day. Since February 23, 2019, in total 13,539 people (women 3,817, children 6,880), 570 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,132 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,126 women, 657,774 children). Since January 1, 2019, - 30,536 people (9,567 women, 14,008 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past 24 hours three houses have been recovered (al-Kraya (Deir ez-Zor) - two, Palmyra (Homs province) - one), as well as a power supply station in al-Beyda (Hama province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Rasm-al-Harmal (Aleppo province) and Beyt-Nayem (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Rasm-al-Harmal – a tractor, a dump truck, 19 windows, 6 cu m of brick, 15 cu m of cement, 950kg of finishing material, 2,500m of water pipes, 1,800m of electric cables and 12 tons of building bars to overhaul 11 houses, a power station and a water pump station;

Beyt-Nayem – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 15 windows, 18 cu m of brick, 14 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 850kg of finishing material, 1,480m of water pipes, 780m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a bakery.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Seven enterprises of the food, textile and chemical industries and two new plants for the production of consumer electronics opened in the industrial zone of Halas (the province of al-Quneitra), which ensured the creation of more than 300 jobs.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

174 medical and 862 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,056.9 km of roads were recovered (0.4km - over the past day);

977.2km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

654 power substations (one over the past day), 145 water supply facilities, 200 bakeries, 14,406 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,463 houses, 219 schools, 166 kindergartens, 198 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 206 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Kabr-al-Sit (Damascus province) to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.18 tons.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,136 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,422.93 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Over the past 24 hours, citizens of the Syrian Arab Republic have not applied for medical assistance from the specialists of the Russian Defence Ministry.

In total, 105,206 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).

In total, 2 ha of the territory have been cleared up. They found and defused 27 explosive devices,

They have cleared up: 2,196.8ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,455 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting with the Chief of Security Committee of Aleppo to discuss military and political and social-economic situation in the province.

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