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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 10, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,021 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 379 people (114 women and 194 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 642 people (193 women and 327 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 256,392 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

87,688 refugees have left Lebanon (26,459 women and 44,640 children), with 52,296 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 28,358 via Talkalakh;

168,704 people (50,642 women and 86,026 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for May 16, 2019 there are still 6,638,968 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,690 women and 3,385,874 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,309,420 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 938,531, Jordan - 660,393, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 253,371, Egypt - 132,162, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,496, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,289, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,630, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 485,672 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (145,759 women, 247,588 children).

Twelve CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, al-Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that no Syrians have returned back to their places of permanent residence over the past 24 hours

Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);

No refugees have passed through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,045 people (women – 14,104 children 18,779), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle have returned back to the places of permanent residence.

No refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 16,423 people (women – 4,495, children 8,153), 1,008 vehicles and 4,601 heads of cattle.

No refugees have left the Rukban camp over the past day. Since February 23, 2019, in total 13,539 people (women 3,817, children 6,880), 570 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,096 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,114 women, 657,764 children). Since January 1, 2019, 30,500 IDPs (9,555 women, 13,998 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Fairuza (Homs province) - three, Jira (Aleppo province) - three), as well as a school in Abu Kamal, Deir ez-Zor province, and a bakery in Garifa, al-Suwayda province, a power supply station in Hazzeh (Damascus province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Kairouan and Muraywid (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Kairouan –  a tractor, a dump truck, 12 windows, 6 cu m of brick, 4 cu m of cement, 3 tons of building bars, 500kg of lime and filling, 180m of water pipes, 750m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, and a medical centre;

Muraywid – an excavator, a dump truck, a mobile drilling unit, 11 windows, 5 cu m of brick, 4 cu m of cement, 2.5 tons of building bars, 350kg of lime and filling, 160m of water pipes, 540m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses and a medical centre.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

The authorities of Al-Hasakah province have begun to expand educational institutions. It is planned to open and equip 50 additional school classes in Al-Hasakah and Kamishliya (Al-Hasakah province), which will accommodate up to 1,500 students.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

862 medical (one over the past day) and 174 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,056.5 km of roads were recovered (0.6km - over the past day);

976.9km of power line have been installed (0.5 km - over the past day);

145 water supply facilities, 653 power substations (one over the past day), 200 bakeries (one over the past day), 14 406 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,463 houses, 219 schools, 166 kindergartens, 198 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 206 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,135 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,420.75 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Ten civilians including three children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,206 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).

In total, 2.8 ha of the territory have been cleared up. They found and defused 27 explosive devices.

They have cleared up: 2,194.8ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,428 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting in Aleppo with representatives of the Committee for the Stabilization of Social Situation in the Idlib Demilitarized Zone.

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