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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 8, 2019)

I. Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 904 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 374 people (112 women and 191 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 530 people (159 women and 270 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 254,487 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

86,968 refugees have left Lebanon (26,242 women and 44,272 children), with 51,864 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 28,070 via Talkalakh;

167,519 people (50,286 women and 85,422 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 16, 2018, there are still 6,638,968 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,690 women and 3,385,874 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,309,420 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 938,531, Jordan - 660,393, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 253,371, Egypt - 132,162, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,496, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,289, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,630, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 483.767 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (145 186 women, 246,616 children).

Twelve CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them, there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus, al-Dabusiya, Talkalakh, and al-Qusayr);

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, al-Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas seaport.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

II. Internal Displacement

It is reported that no Syrians have returned back to their places of permanent residence over the past 24 hours

in Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province). Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (43,031 women, 70,199 children);

No refugees have passed through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,045 people (women – 14,104 children 18,779), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle have returned back to the places of permanent residence.

No refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 16,419 people (women – 4,495, children 8,152), 1,006 vehicles and 4,551 heads of cattle.

No refugees have left the Rukban camp over the past day. Since February 23, 2019, in total 13,539 people (women 3,817, children 6,880), 570 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,092 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (392,114 women, 657,763 children). Since January 1, 2019, - 30,496 people (9,555 women, 13,997 children).

III. Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

IV. Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past 24 hours, they have restored five houses in Osman (Daraa province) - two, Madhir (Raqqa province) - three, an industrial enterprise in Taksis (Hama province), and a hospital in Bayt-Sawa (Damascus province).

They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Kafr-Shams and Semlin (Daraa province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Kafr-Shams  - a grader, a dump truck, 850kg of finishing materials, four tons of building bars, 19 windows, 15 cu m of cement, 790m of water pipes, 1,300 m of electric cables, 13 cu m of brick to recover eight houses, a school, and a power supply station;

Semlin – a dump truck, 25 windows, 22 cu m of brick, 19 cu m tons of cement, 1,850kg of lime and filling, 17 tons of building bars, 2,900m of water pipes, 1,800m of electric cables to overhaul five houses, medical post, and water pump station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

In the province of Homs, a project is being implemented with a total cost of more than $ 2.5 million to restore the section of the railway linking industrial zones in Hisyah and Kattina with the ports of Tartous and Latakia.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

174 medical (one over the past day) and 861 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,055.3 km of roads were recovered (0.7km - over the past day);

975.9km of power line have been installed (0.4 km - over the past day);

652 power substations, 145 water supply facilities, 199 bakeries, 14,365 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,462 houses, 220 schools, 166 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 201 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

V. Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organized and carried out  2,133 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,416.4 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities, and bottled water.

Five civilians including one child received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,187 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

VI. Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).

In total, 2.2 ha of the territory has been cleared up. They found and defused 32 explosive devices.

They have cleared up: 2,189.8ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,374 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

VII. Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo, and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides have held no working meetings.

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