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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 7, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,286 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 264 people (52 women and 89 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,022 people (326 women and 553 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 253,583 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

86,594 refugees have left Lebanon (25,758 women and 43,449 children), with 51,640 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 27,920 via Talkalakh;

166,989 people (50,127 women and 85,152 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for May 16, 2019 there are still 6,638,968 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,690 women and 3,385,874 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,309,420 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 938,531, Jordan - 660,393, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 482,863 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (131,057 women, 222,613 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that no Syrians returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (42,540 women, 69,755 children);

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,045 people (women – 14,103 children 18,779), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

no refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 16,419 people (women – 4,495, children 8,149), 1,006 vehicles and 4,551 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 13,539 people (women 3,229, children 6,034), 570 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,092 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (387,482 women, 650,058 children). Since January 1, 2019, 30,496 IDPs (9,555 women, 13,994 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Four buildings were recovered over the past day (Aved - two (Homs province), al-Qder - two (Raqqa province), a medical station in Atbaa (Daraa province), a kindergarten in Fanha (Aleppo province), and an electrical substation in Boqzata (al-Quneitra province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in al-Ramleh (Hama province) and Nawa (Daraa province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Al-Ramleh – an excavator, 12 windows, 4 cu m of bricks, 3 cu m of cement, 3 tons of building bars, 200kg of lime and filling, 1000m of water pipes, 800m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses;

Nawa – a wheeled crane, a bulldozer, two dump trucks, 16 windows, 4 cu m of brick, 5 cu m of cement, 2 tons of building bars, 950kg of lime and filling, 550m of water pipes, 1,200m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses and a power substation.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

173 medical and 861 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,054.6 km of roads were recovered (0.5km - over the past day);

975.5 km of power line have been installed (0.5km - over the past day);

652 power substations (one over the past day), 145 water supply facilities, 199 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,364 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,457 houses, 220 schools, 166 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 201 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Kafer Akid (Hama province) to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.17 tons.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,133 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,416.4 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Six civilians including three children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,182 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2,2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 32 explosive devices.

In total: 2,187.6ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,342 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

in Damascus with Local Administration Minister Hussein Makhlouf to discuss humanitarian assistance provided for refugees;

with Governor of Aleppo province to discuss areas for humanitarian actions.

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