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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (June 5, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 2,031 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 312 people (117 women and 199 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,719 people (352 women and 598 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 250,286 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

86,044 refugees have left Lebanon (25,758 women and 43,449 children), with 51,310 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 27,700 via Talkalakh;

162,242 people (28,873 women and 49,026 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for May 16, 2019 there are still 6,638,968 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,991,690 women and 3,385,874 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,309,420 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,606,737, Lebanon - 938,531, Jordan - 660,393, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 479,566 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (131,057 women, 222,613 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that no Syrians returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (42,540 women, 69,755 children);

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,045 people (women – 14,103 children 18,779), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

no refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 16,412 people (women – 4,495, children 8,149), 1,003 vehicles and 4,551 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 13,539 people (women 3,229, children 6,034), 570 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,299,085 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (387,482 women, 650,058 children). Since January 1, 2019, 30,489 IDPs (9,555 women, 13,994 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Five buildings were recovered over the past day (Al-Tabiyah - two (Deir ez-Zor province), Baniyas - three (Tartous province)) and a medical centre in Blat (Aleppo province) and a power station in Bisa (Homs province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Rafid (al-Quneitra province) and Saqba (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Rafid – an excavator, a dump truck, 39 windows, 18 cu m of brick, 21 cu m of cement, 17 tons of building bars, 1,720kg of lime and filling, 1,870m of water pipes, 1,390m of electric cables to overhaul seven houses and a water pump station;

Saqba – three dump trucks, q wheeled crane, 45 windows, 24cu m of brick, 25 cu m of cement, 28 tons of building bars, 2,400kg of lime and filling, 2,100m of water pipes, 3,700m of electric cables, to overhaul 12 houses and a power supply station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

172 medical (one over the past day) and 860 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,053.6 km of roads were recovered (0.7km - over the past day);

974.6 km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

651 power substations (one over the past day), 145 water supply facilities, 198 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,363 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,457 houses, 220 schools, 166 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 201 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Hatlah (Deir ez-Zor province) to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.18 tons.

. In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,132 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,414.23 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Three civilians including two children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,172 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2,9 ha of the territory. They found and defused 29 explosive devices.

In total: 2,182.2ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 22,253 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

in Damascus, with the assistant head of National Security Bureau on the clarification of the status of refugees who left the Rukban camp;

with governor of Idlib to discuss refugee settlement in Hama;

at the Hmeymim Air Base with the head of security of Mukhabarat, on the issues of coordinating monitoring sites and clarifying the list of heads of settlements.

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