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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (May 12, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,056 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 358 people (108 women and 183 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 698 people (240 women and 409 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 221,054 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

77,210 refugees have left Lebanon (23,203 women and 38,762 children), with 46,009 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 24,167 via Talkalakh;

143,844 people (42,746 women and 72,709 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,659,752 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,997,926 women and 3,396,474 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,330,204 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,646,889, Lebanon - 946,291, Jordan - 670,238, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 450,334 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (120,047 women, 203,908 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 26 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 17 people (8 women and 3 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,940 people (42,367 women, 69,589 children);

Seven people (women - 2, children - 3) to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,015 people (women – 14,091 children 18,751), 2,410 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

Two people, two vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 14,392 people (women – 3,900, children 7,289), 874 vehicles and 4,331 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 11,576 people (women 3,229, children 6,034), 466 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,296,871 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (386,806 women, 649,074 children). Since January 1, 2019, 28,275 IDPs (8,870 women, 13,056 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Four buildings were recovered over the past day (Abu Kutar (Homs province) - two, Melize (Deir ez-Zor province) - one, al-Habiyah (Aleppo province) - one) a medical centre in Qatana (Damascus province) and a power station in Museifa (Daraa province).

They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Arak (Homs province), and Rusheida (al-Suwayda province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Arak – a dump truck, 11 windows, 9 cu m of brick, 6 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 500kg of lime and filling, 400m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul eight houses, and a medical centre;

Rusheida – a excavator, 17 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 7 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 550kg of lime and filling, 300m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, a school and a medical centre.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

165 medical (one over the past day) and 851 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1041.9 km of roads were recovered (0.4km - over the past day);

963.2km of power line have been installed (0.2 km - over the past day);

638 power substations (one over the past day), 141 water supply facilities, 188 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,305 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,444 houses, 219 schools, 169 kindergartens, 200 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 205 power substations, 204 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

The Syrian Ministry of Electricity has begun to restore the power plant, repair the damaged and install new power lines in Palmyra (Homs province) .

Humanitarian Assistance

. In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,113 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,366.53 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Four civilians including two children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,038 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

1,7 ha of the territory. They found and defused 32 explosive devices.

In total: 2,119.1ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 21,186 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of

three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held four working meetings:

in Damascus with the Assistant of Local Administration Minister on the issue of coordinating the joint statement of the Joint Coordination Committee of the Russian Federation and the Syrian Arab Republic;

in Damascus with the Assistant of Local Administration Minister on the issue of coordinating the joint statement of the Joint Coordination Committee of the Russian Federation and the Syrian Arab Republic;

.

in Hatlah (Deir ez-Zor province) with local administration to discuss rehabilitation of social infrastructure.

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