Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (May 11, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,033 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 328 people (98 women and 167 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 705 people (212 women and 360 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 219,998 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
76,852 refugees have left Lebanon (23,203 women and 38,762 children), with 45,794 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 24,024 via Talkalakh;
143,146 people (42,746 women and 72,709 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,659,752 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,997,926 women and 3,396,474 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,330,204 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,646,889, Lebanon - 946,291, Jordan - 670,238, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 449,278 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (120,047 women, 203,908 children).
Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 15 Syrians returned back to:
Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 12 people (5 women and 3 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,923 people (42,773 women, 69,957 children);
No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,008 people (women – 14,091 children 18,751), 2,410 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.
Three people, two vehicles and 50 heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 14,390 people (women – 3,900, children 7,220), 872 vehicles and 4,331 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 11,576 people (women 3,229, children 6,034), 466 vehicles have left the area.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,296,845 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (391,423 women, 656,533 children). Since January 1, 2019, 28,249 IDPs (4,503 women, 5,633 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Tell Shaib - two, Aleppo province, Khel - one, Daraa province, Madaiya - two, Damascus provinсe, Kawkab - one, Hama province) as well as a kindergarten in al-Harraqi (Homs province) and a bakery in al-Gavi (Hama province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Tall-Rifaat (Aleppo province) and Deir-Baalba (Homs province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Tall-Rifaat– an excavator, a dump truck,17 windows, 5 cu m of brick, 9 cu m of cement, 6 tons of building bars, 700kg of lime and filling, 1,400m of water pipes, 1,150m of electric cables to overhaul seven houses and a bakery;
Deir-Baalba– a grader, a wheeled crane, a dump truck, 24 windows, 6 cu m of brick, 9 cu m of cement, 7 tons of building bars, 650kg of lime and filling, 19 floor slabs, 1,250m of water pipes, 2,050m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses and power stations.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
164 medical and 851 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;
five road bridges and 1,041.5 km of roads were recovered (0.3km - over the past day);
963 km of power line have been installed (0.1 km - over the past day);
637 power substations, 141 water supply facilities, 188 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,305 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,436 houses, 218 schools, 169 kindergartens, 200 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 206 power substations, 204 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,113 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,366.53 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Six civilians including two children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 105,034 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).
1,9 ha of the territory. They found and defused 31 explosive devices.
In total: 2,117.4ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 21,154 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting with Governor of Aleppo to discuss organisation of humanitarian and charitable actions.