Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (April 12, 2019)
I. Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,161 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 307 people (92 women and 157 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 854 people (256 women and 436 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 186,733 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
66,569 refugees have left Lebanon (20,114 women and 33,870 children), with 39,624 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 19,911 via Talkalakh;
120,164 people (36,076 women and 61,272 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6 696 131 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,000,839 women and 3 415 027 children among them.
45 Russian embassies in foreign countries, where the Syrian refugees, and thirty countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Iraq, Egypt, the Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland Malta, Poland, Bosnia
and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the quantitative data on the location
At present there are 6,366,583 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,646,889, Lebanon - 946,291, Jordan - 670,238, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 253,085, Egypt - 132,162, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 460,013 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (124,848 women, 212,064 children).
Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
II. Internal Displacement
It is reported that 105 Syrians returned back to:
Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 27 people (11 women and 12 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,559 people (42,824 women, 70,006 children);
24 people (women - 6, children - 14) and two vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 40,759 people (women – 14,029 children 18,617), 2,341 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.
54 people (women - 12, children - 25), seven vehicles and 31 heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 4,552 people (women – 1,131, children - 2,185), 374 vehicles and 3,598 heads of cattle.
No refugees have left the Rukban camp over the past day. Since March 23, 2019, in total 2,284 people (women 580, children 1,142), 85 vehicles have left the area.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,286,394 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (388,468 women, 651,441 children). Since January 1, 2019, 17,798 IDPs (5,909 women, 7,675 children).
III. Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
IV. Infrastructure Rehabilitation
During the day, restored four houses Hiyat (al-Suwayda province) - two, Fanha (Aleppo province) - one, Karahta (Damascus province) - one, a medical point in the Ithriyah (Raqqa province), a kindergarten in Kreya (al Suwayda province) and power substation in Asharna (Hama province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Barduna (Hama province) and Mreyah (Deir ez-Zor province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Barduna– an excavator, a wheeled crane, two dump trucks, 9 windows, 4 cu m of brick, 7 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 530 kg of lime and filling, 360m of water pipes, 690m of electric cables, to overhaul seven houses and a medical centre.
Mreyah – a excavator, three dump trucks, a drilling unit, 7 windows, 6 cu m of brick, 8 cu m of cement, 4 tons of building bars, 630kg of lime and filling, 440m of water pipes, 260m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a water pump station.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
155 medical (one over the past day) and 843 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;
five road bridges and 1,030.7 km of roads were recovered (0.2km - over the past day);
951.9km of power line have been installed (0.5 km - over the past day);
626 power substations (one over the past day), 136 water supply facilities, 177 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,264 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,378 houses, 213 schools, 172 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 205 power substations, 201 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.
No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,096 humanitarian actions, . delivering 3,333.78 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Three civilians including two children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 104,910 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
VI. Mine Clearance
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra, Kafar-Shams, Inkhil (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).
3.5 ha of the territory. They found and defused 42 explosive devices.
In total: 2,042.5ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 20,159 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.
VII. Arrangements for Refugee Reception
In the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus and Hama implementing a state program to restore the settlements liberated from the militants. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:
in Damascus with the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Syrian Arab Republic on evacuation of refugees from the Rukban camp;
in Hatlah (Deir ez-Zor province) with representatives of the national reconciliation committee to agree on the lists of persons wishing to return to the territory controlled by the government.
in Damascus with representatives of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent on humanitarian affairs.