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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (April 13, 2019)

I. Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,472 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 384 people (115 women and 196 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 1,088 people (326 women and 555 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 188,205 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

66,953 refugees have left Lebanon (20,229 women and 34,066 children), with 39,854 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 20,065 via Talkalakh;

121,252 people (36,402 women and 61,827 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6 696 131 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,000,839 women and 3 415 027 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,366,583 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,646,889, Lebanon - 946,291, Jordan - 670,238, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 253,085, Egypt - 132,162, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland -

1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 417,485 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (125,289 women, 212,815 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

II. Internal Displacement

It is reported that 53 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 21 people (9 women and 7 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,580 people (42,833 women, 70,013 children);

31 people (women - 10, children - 16) and two vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 40,790 people (women – 14,039 children 18,633), 2,372 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

one person,one vehicle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 4,498 people (women – 1,131, children - 2,185), 375 vehicles and 3,598 heads of cattle.

No refugees have left the Rukban camp over the past day. Since February 23, 2019, in total 2,284 people (women 580, children 1,142), 85 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,286,447 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (388,487 women, 651,464 children). Since January 1, 2019, 17,851 IDPs (5,928 women, 7,698 children).

III. Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

IV. Infrastructure Rehabilitation

During the day, restored four houses (Jaba (province of Quneitra) - one, al Harak (province of Daraa) - three), the enterprise industry in Mreya (province of Deir ez-Zor) and a hospital in Jaba (province of al-Quneitra ).

They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Douma (Damascus province), and al-Shir (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Douma – a excavator, a wheeled cement mixer, 36 windows, 47cu m of brick, 23 cu m of cement, 14 tons of building bars, 970kg of lime and filling, 2,900m of water pipes, 2,400m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses and a medical centre.

al-Shir – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 14 windows, 25 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 6 tons of building bars, 820kg of lime and filling, 1,350m of water pipes, 1,200m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses and a school.

In Hama province since mid-2018 the work of more than 100 industrial enterprises of machine-building, chemical, textile and food

industries has been launched, which made it possible to create about 1,500 new jobs. The total number of production facilities in this area of the country has reached 1,626.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

156 medical (one over the past day) and 843 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,031.1 km of roads were recovered (0.4km - over the past day);

952.2km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

626 power substations (one over the past day), 136 water supply facilities, 177 bakeries, 14,265 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,378 houses, 213 schools, 172 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 205 power substations, 201 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,096 humanitarian actions, . delivering 3,333.78 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Four civilians including three children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 104,914 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

VI. Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra, Douma (Damascus).

They have cleared up 2.6 ha of the territory. They found and defused 41 explosive devices.

In total: 2,045.1ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 20,200 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

VII. Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

In Damascus, with the chief of the military and political department of the Syrian Arab Republic on the organization of evacuation of refugees from the Rukban camp;

in Aleppo, with the head of the security committee on military-political and socio-economic situation in the province.

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