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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (March 23, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 996 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 237 people (33 women and 55 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 759 people (236 women and 401 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 166,496 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

60,826 refugees have left Lebanon (18,209 women and 30,641 children), with 36,180 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 17,612 via Talkalakh;

105,670 people (31,725 women and 53,383 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,345,760 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,553, Iraq - 252,772, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 395,776 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (118,771 women, 201,748 children).

Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 103 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 28 people (10 women and 12 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 140,902 people (42,395 women, 69,620 children);

29 people (women - 12, children - 11), four vehicles and four heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the al-Salhiyah checkpoint. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 40,213 people (women – 13,660 children 18,296), 2,289 vehicles and 2,295 heads of cattle.

46 people (women - 13, children - 22), 8 vehicles and 2 heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 1,517 people (women – 358, children 719), 183 vehicles and 1,096 heads of cattle.

In total since March 4, 2018 Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone;

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,282,156 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (386,338 women, 648,448 children). Since January 1, 2019, 13,560 IDPs (4,383 women, 5,478 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Marrat - two (Deir ez-Zor province), Katana - three (Damascus province), Dael - one (Daraa province)) and a bakery in Salhad (al-Suwayda province) and a power station in Ruhaybah (Damascus province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Kafar-Abid (Aleppo province), and Kaukab (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Kafar-Abid–  a dump truck, 12 windows, 8 cu m of brick, 6 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 500kg of lime and filling, 400m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul eight houses, and a medical centre;

Kaukab –  a excavator, 15 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 8 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 550kg of lime and filling, 300m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, a school and a medical centre.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

148 medical and 835 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,023.2 km of roads were recovered (0.5km - over the past day);

944.9 km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

614 power substations (one over the past day), 132 water supply facilities, 168 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,263 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,323 houses, 213 schools, 172 kindergartens, 192 bakeries, 242 water pump stations, 204 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,085 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,309.96 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Three people received medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 104,872 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Ein-Zat, Talbiseh (Homs province).

2,8 ha of the territory. They found and defused 24 explosive devices.

In total: 1,984.9 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 19,526 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting with Deputy Governor of Aleppo on reduce crime.

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