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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (March 11, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 767 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 93 people (28 women and 48 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 674 people (202 women and 344 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 155,716 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

58,884 refugees have left Lebanon (17,799 women and 29,950 children), with 35,025 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 16,825 via Talkalakh;

96,832 people (29,075 women and 49,370 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,345,760 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,553, Iraq - 252,772, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 384,996 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (115,532 women, 196,242 children).

Twelve CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 92 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 32 people (17 women and 9 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 140,504 people (42,412 women, 69,629 children);

24 people (women - 8, children - 11) to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 39,894 people (women – 13,684 children 18,321), 2,237 vehicles and 2,270 heads of cattle.

36 people (women - 7, children - 17), 4 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 1,061 people (women – 256, children 528), 100 vehicles and 462 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,280,983 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (386,836 women, 649,111 children). Since January 1, 2019, 12,387 IDPs (4,277 women, 5,345 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Sadad - two (Homs province), Maaret Saidnaya - two (Damascus province), Bayt-Sawa - three (Damascus province)) and a kindergarten in Arbin (Damascus province).

The section of the railway Homs – Damascus with a length of 122 km has been restored, the first train delivered 1500 kg of grain from the port of Latakia to the granary of Nasria (Damascus province).


They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Harasta al Basal (Damascus province), Khusham, Al-Tabiyah (Deir ez-Zor province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Harasta al Basal– a grader, a wheeled crane, a dump truck, 45 windows, 14 cu m of brick, 17 cu m of cement, 7 tons of building bars, 2,300kg of lime and filling, 19 floor slabs, 1,750m of water pipes, 1,250m of electric cables, to overhaul 11 houses and  a bakery;

Al-Tabiyah – an excavator, a dump truck, 12 windows, 5 cu m of bricks, 9 cu m of cement, 4 tons of building bars, 1,300kg of lime and filling, 550m of water pipes, 750m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses and a power station;

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

146 medical and 825 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,018.1 km of roads were recovered (0.3km - over the past day);

939.3 km of power line have been installed (0.4 km - over the past day);

605 power substations, 130 water supply facilities, 162 bakeries, 14,262 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,307 houses, 209 schools, 172 kindergartens, 192 bakeries, 242 water pump stations, 204 power substations, 199 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

. In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,079 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,296.98 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

A civilian received medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 104,866 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Ein-Zat, Talbiseh (Homs province).

2,4 ha of the territory. They found and defused 23 explosive devices.

In total: 1,953.1 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 19,200 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

with a representative of the refugee affairs committee of Aleppo on the monitoring of the refugee camps;

with the representative of the Harmony and Social Stabilization Committee in Idlib demilitarized zone;

with Hama Governor to discuss rehabilitation of social infrastructure and creation of conditions for repatriation of refugees.

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