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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (February 11, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,048 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 282 people (85 women and 144 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 766 people (230 women and 391 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 130,452 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

53,407 refugees have left Lebanon (16,151 women and 27,157 children), with 31,741 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 14,632 via Talkalakh;

77,045 people (23,140 women and 39,278 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,345,760 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 252,526, Egypt - 132,553, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 359,732 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (107,949 women, 183,357 children).

Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 70 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 70 people (21 women and 37 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 139,410 people (42,009 women, 69,203 children);

no people returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor, Damascus and Homs provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.

Since August 25, 2018, in total, 37,778 people (women – 12,836 children 17,527), 2,167 vehicles and 2,260 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,276,712 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (385,329 women, 647,363 children). Since January 1, 2019, 8,116 IDPs (2,770 women, 3,597 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Smah - two (Hama province), Jayrud - two (Damascus province), Al-Tabiyah - one (Deir ez-Zor province)) and a power sub station in Rasm Baqru (Aleppo province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Nashabiyah (Damascus province), and Djadua (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Nashabiyah – a grader, a dump trucks, 6 cu m of brick, 22 windows, 5 tons of building bars, 600kg of lime and filling, 800m of water pipes, 900m of electric cables, 6 cu m of cement to overhaul five houses, a school and a hospital.

Djadua – a excavator, a dump truck, a mobile drilling unit, 25 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 6 cu m of cement, 4 tons of building bars, 650kg of lime and filling, 2,000m of water pipes, 1,000m of electric cables, to overhaul seven houses and a water supply station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

137 medical and 810 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 999.8 km of roads were recovered (0.8km - over the past day);

920km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day);

590 power substations (one over the past day), 126 water supply facilities, 152 bakeries, 14,256 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,247 houses, 212 schools, 178 kindergartens, 194 medical centres, 190 bakeries, 238 power substations, 207 water pump stations, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Habbaria (Daraa province) to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.16 tons.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,061 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,258.01 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Units of the Russian force grouping in Syria ensured safe passage of a UN humanitarian convoy from the Rukban refugee camp.

In total, 104,713 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Trunja, Nafa, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province).

2,1 ha of the territory. They found and defused 12 explosive devices.

In total: 1,886.5 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 18,484 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting with the chairman of the Committee for the Stabilization of Social Situation in the Idlib Demilitarized Zone

In addition, monitoring of vital activity, social situation and provision of basic necessities of temporarily displaced persons in the refugee centers Abraj-al-Bayrudiya (Homs province) and Djandriya (Latakia province) was conducted.

Monitoring of infrastructure rehabilitation in al-Husainiyah (Deir ez-Zor province) and Nasib check point (Daraa province).

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