Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (February 10, 2019)
Repatriation of Refugees from abroad Over the past day, in total 888 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 338 people (102 women and 173 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 550 people (165 women and 281 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 129,404 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad: 52,125 refugees have left Lebanon (16,066 women and 27,013 children), with 31,572 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 14,519 via Talkalakh; 76,279 people (22,910 women and 38,887 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them. In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries. At present there are 6,345,760
Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 252,526, Egypt - 132,553, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 2 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19). It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30). Since September 30, 2015, in total 358,684 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (107,634 women, 182,822 children).
Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are: five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr)); one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib); two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah); one CP at Damascus international airport; one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states. II. Internal Displacement It is reported that 30 Syrians returned back to: Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 34 people (9 women and 13 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 139,340 people (41,988 women, 69,166 children); no people returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor, Damascus and Homs provinces through the checkpoint alSalhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 37,778 people (women – 12,836 children 17,527), 2,167 vehicles and 2,260 heads of cattle. Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone. 3 Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,276,642 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (385,308 women, 647,326 children). Since January 1, 2019, 8,046 IDPs (2,749 women, 3,560 children). II. Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Infrastructure Rehabilitation Over the past day: Five buildings were recovered over the past day (Fafin - one (Aleppo province), al-Husainiyah - two (Deir ez-Zor province), Abdin - one (al-Quneitra province), Toyzan - one (Raqqa province)) and a power supply station in Hazzeh (Damascus province) and a hospital in Hveyt (Hama province). They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Harran-al-Avamid (Damascus province) and al-Said (Homs province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Harran-al-Avamid – a bulldozer, a wheeled crane, 26 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 17 floor slabs, 950 kg of finishing material, 1,500m of water pipes, 2,150m of electric cables, to overhaul seven houses and a school; al-Said – a grader, a dump truck, 19 windows, 4 cu m of bricks, 7 cu m of cement, 6 tons of building bars, 1,250kg of lime and filling, 1,250m of water pipes, 1,400m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses and power supply station. Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic: 137 medical (one over the past day) and 810 educational organizations have been recovered; five road bridges and 999 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day); 919 km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day); 4 589 power substations (one over the past day), 126 water supply facilities, 152 bakeries, 14,256 industrial enterprises have been put into operation. Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, alQuneitra, and Raqqa work is underway to overhaul 2,242 houses, 211 schools, 178 kindergartens, 193 medical centres, 190 bakeries, 208 water pump stations, 237 power substations, and 93 places of worship.
Humanitarian Assistance Over the past day there were three humanitarian actions to distribute 4,33 tons of food supplies. People in Khusham, Deir ez-Zor province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.17 tons. People in Buedan, Daraa province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.16 tons. Besides, the Kadyrov Regional Public Fund distributed a ton of bread. In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,060 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,255.85 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water. In total, 104,713 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
Mine Clearance The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province). 2,5 ha of the territory. They found and defused 16 explosive devices. In total: 1,884.4 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 18,472 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices. Arrangements for Refugee Reception The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces.
The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab 5 Republic activate repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons. The Syrian Ministry of Health has launched a national polio vaccination campaign for children under five years of age.
The action will cover up to 2.7 million people. National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.