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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (February 6, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,064 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 392 people (118 women and 200 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 672 people (202 women and 343 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 125,131 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

51,802 refugees have left Lebanon (15,668 women and 26,337 children), with 30,778 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 13,990 via Talkalakh;

73,329 people (22,025 women and 37,383 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
 

At present there are 6,345,760 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 252,526, Egypt - 132,553, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 354,411 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (106,351 women, 180,642 children).

Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 30 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 28 people (10 women and 12 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 139,182 people (41,939 women, 69,097 children);

no people returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor, Damascus and Homs provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.

Since August 25, 2018, in total, 37,778 people (women – 12,836 children 17,527), 2,167 vehicles and 2,260 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,276,484 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (385,259 women, 647,257 children). Since January 1, 2019, 7,888 IDPs (2,700 women, 3,491 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Masqanah - one (Raqqa province), Daraa - two, Karahta - one (Damascus province), Tall al-Dahab - two (Homs province)) and a power sub station in Asharna (Hama province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Sheikh Miskeen (Daraa province) and al-Quneitra. In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Sheikh Miskeen – a wheeled crane, two dump trucks, an excavator, 35 windows, 17 cu m of brick, 19 cu m of cement, 11 tons of building bars, 1,230kg of lime and filling, 900m of water pipes, 890m of electric cables to overhaul 8 houses;

Al-Quneitra – two dump trucks, a wheeled crane, an excavtor, 38 windows, 24 cu m of brick, 25 cu m of cement, 13 tons of building bars, 1,400kg of lime and filling, 1,150m of water pipes, 3,500m of electric cables, to overhaul 9 houses and a power supply station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

136 medical and 809 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 995 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);

914km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day); 587 power substations (one over the past day), 125 water supply facilities, 149 bakeries, 14,256 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

The Head of Damascus education department reported that water and heat supply systems were fully recovered in 75 schools, and the glazing of premises was completed.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,212 houses, 208 schools, 179 kindergartens, 192 bakeries, 235 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 191 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Arbid (Aleppo province) to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.16 tons.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,057 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,249.35 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

In total, 104,713 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province).

3,7 ha of the territory. They found and defused 11 explosive devices.

In total: 1,873.3ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 18,408 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons.
 

The Ministry of Local Administration and Environment of the Syrian Arab Republic has allocated 345,000 USD to overhaul Palmyra. . . The money is intended for the repair of street lighting and sewage systems, as well as the removal of damaged structures outside the city.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
 

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

with the Head of Aleppo city Security Committee on discuss reduction of crime in the city;

with Tall Rifat Deputy Governor on social affairs; During the meeting, the list of settlements for humanitarian actions was clarified.

a working meeting with representatives of Haraba and Djbeb administration.

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