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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (February 4, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,160 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 359 people (108 women and 183 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 801 people (240 women and 409 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 123,029 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

51,004 refugees have left Lebanon (15,428 women and 25,930 children), with 30,299 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 13,671 via Talkalakh;

72,025 people (21,633 women and 36,718 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,345,760 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 252,526, Egypt - 132,553, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 352,309 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (105,719 women, 179,570 children).

Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 256 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 22 people (9 women and 10 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 139,120 people (41,919 women, 69,071 children);

231 people (women - 78, children - 102), 17 vehicles and 2 heads of cattle returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.

Since August 25, 2018, in total, 37,778 people (women – 12,836 children 17,527), 2,167 vehicles and 2,260 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,276,422 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (385,239 women, 647,231 children). Since January 1, 2019, 7,826 IDPs (2,680 women, 3,465 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Tall al-Dahab - two(Homs province), Yabroud - three (Damascus province), Djaddua - two (Hama province)) and a power station in Chimba (Raqqa province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Amra (al-Suwayda province), and Sheikh Miskeen (Daraa province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Amra – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 25 windows, 18 cu m of brick, 19 cu m of cement, 11 tons of building bars, 1,200kg of lime and filling, 1,280m of water pipes, 1,160m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a bakery;

Miskin – one excavator, two dump trucks, 26 windows, 14 cu m of brick, 22 cu m of cement, 1,100kg of lime and filling, 1,100m of water pipes, 1,200m of electric cables and 12 tons of building bars to overhaul five houses and a hospital.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

136 medical and 807 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 993 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);

912km of power line have been installed (2km - over the past day);

585 power substations (one over the past day), 125 water supply facilities, 148 bakeries, 14,256 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,212 houses, 210 schools, 179 kindergartens, 193 bakeries, 234 water pump stations, 208 power substations, 191 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,056 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,247.19 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Twenty-six civilians including 17 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 104,713 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Ein-Zat, Talbiseh (Homs province).

8,6 ha of the territory. They found and defused 24 explosive devices.

In total: 1,861.5 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 18,371 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting with Deputy Governor of Latakia to discuss organisation of humanitarian and charitable actions.

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