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07.12.2018 (11:00)

Bulletin Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (December 7, 2018)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 869 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 134 people (40 women and 69 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 735 people (221 women and 375 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 57,502 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

28,095 refugees have left Lebanon (8,553 women and 14,251 children), with 16,884 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,503 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 4,020 via Talkalakh;

29,407 people (8,845 women and 14,985 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,647,614 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,284 women and 3,390,283 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,318,066 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,591,714, Lebanon - 952,562, Jordan - 672,578, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 251,793, Egypt - 131,504, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 286,782 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (86,056 women, 146,158 children).

Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 227 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 32 people (8 women and 13 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 137,393 people (41,335 women, 68,416 children);

195 people (women - 63, children - 84), 12 vehicles and two heads of cattle returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 26,197 people (women – 8,888 children 12,317), 1,267 vehicles and 2,178 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 40,645 people (women – 12,971, children 19,094), 4,575 vehicles and 50,452 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,259,023 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (379,265 women, 640,062 children). Since January 1, 2018, 176,661 IDPs (54,267 women, 87,679 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Bokaata - two (al-Quneitra province), Shahba - three (al-Suwayda province), Douma - one (Damascus province), al-Sanameyn - one (Daraa province)), a bakery in Abu-Rubeys (Hama province) and a water supply station in Hamouriyah (Damascus province).

Administration of al-Quneitra province is working on recovering power supply system in regions liberated from terrorists. Power supply systems have been recovered in 30 settlements.

In Aleppo the reconstruction of the Armenian Evangelical Church was completed. The reconstruction was carried out at the expense of the national budget and churchgoers donations.

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in al-Sawara (Daraa province), and Afineh (al-Suwayda province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Al-Sawara– an excavator, a dump truck, 26 windows, 13 cu m of brick, 11 cu m of cement, 1,150kg of lime and filling, 1,500m of water pipes, 1,300m of electric cables and 12 tons of building bars to overhaul eight houses and a medical point;

Afineh– a grader, a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 36 windows, 20 cu m of brick, 17 cu m of cement, 16 tons of building bars, 1,550kg of lime and filling, 1,800m of water pipes, 1,500m of electric cables, 16 floor slabs  to overhaul seven houses, a bakery and a school.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

The Ministry of Water Resources allocated about one million US dollars in order to modernise irrigation systems in Hama province.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

709 medical and 117 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 927 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);

843km of power line have been installed (2km - over the past day);

547 power substations, 106 water supply facilities (one over the past day), 120 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,241 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 336 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra work is underway to overhaul 2,088 houses, 206 schools, 184 kindergartens, 188 bakeries, 224 water pump stations, 193 power substations, 188 medical centres, and 91 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Al-Suqaylabiyah, Hama province, to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.16 tons.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,011 humanitarian actions, delivering  3,155.61 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Twenty-four civilians including 15 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 100,692 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Deyr Foor, Talbiseh (Homs province).

9.5 ha of the territory were cleared. They found and defused 32 explosive devices including three improvised explosive devices.

In total: 1066.5 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 248.1km of roads. They found and defused 16,253 explosive devices including 5,335 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees headed by Local Administration Minister Hussein Makhlouf  carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held a working meeting with a representative of local administration and the National Reconciliation Committee of Hatlah (Deir ez-Zor province) to discuss the return of amnestied militants, and social economic status of the popultation.

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