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06.12.2018 (10:37)

Bulletin Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (December 6, 2018)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 717 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 143 people (43 women and 73 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 574 people (172 women and 293 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 56,633 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

27,961 refugees have left Lebanon, with 16,804 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,020 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 4,449 via Talkalakh;

28,672 people (8,624 women and 14,610 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,647,614 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,284 women and 3,390,283 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,318,066 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,591,714, Lebanon - 952,562, Jordan - 672,578, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 251,793, Egypt - 131,504, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 285,913 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (85,795 women, 145,714 children).

Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 225 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 26 people (9 women and 12 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 137,631 people (41,327 women, 68,403 children);

199 people (women - 64, children - 80) and 16 vehicles returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 26,002 people (women – 8,825 children 12,233), 1,255 vehicles and 2,176 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 40,645 people (women – 12,971, children 19,094), 4,575 vehicles and 50,452 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,258,796 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (379,194 women, 639,965 children). Since January 1, 2018, 176,434 IDPs (54,196 women, 87,582 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Five buildings were recovered over the past day (Izraa (Daraa province) - 3, Jayrud (Damascus province) - one, al-Mejdal (al-Suwayda province) - one), a school in Hatla (Deir ez-Zor province) as well as a power station in Tafas (Daraa province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Mace (Aleppo province), and al-Beida (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Mace – a grader, a dump truck, 15 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 8 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 550kg of lime and filling, 1,600m of water pipes, 950m of electric cables to overhaul five houses, a kindergarten and a water station;

Al-Beyda – an excavator, a dump truck, 9 cu m of bricks, 14 windows, 12 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 700kg of lime and filling, 1,400m of water pipes, 1,500m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses, a medical post and a kindergarten.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

117 medical and 709 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;

five road bridges and 926 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);

841 km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day);

547 power substations (one over the past day), 105 water supply facilities, 119 bakeries, 14,241 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 336 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra work is underway to overhaul 206 schools, 184 kindergartens, 188 bakeries, 223 water pump stations, 192 power substations, 181 medical centres, 2,087 houses and 91 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Bramsa, Latakia province, to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.17 tons.

Besides, the Kadyrov Regional Public Fund distributed a ton of bread in Mustarihah, Aleppo province.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,010 humanitarian actions, delivering  3,153.45 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Forty-two civilians including 20 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 100,668 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Deyr Foor, Talbiseh (Homs province).

12,6 ha of the territory were cleared. They found and defused 44 explosive devices including two improvised explosive devices.

In total: 1056.5 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 248.1km of roads. They found and defused 16,221 explosive devices including 5,332 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation process.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees headed by Local Administration Minister Hussein Makhlouf  carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Al-Hasakah province administration started to pay benefits to citizens whose property was damaged by militants. For these purposes 4 million US dollars were allocated from the national budget.

The Ministry of Water Resources allocated about one million US dollars in order to reconstruct irrigation systems at Hama province.

In Aleppo the reconstruction of the Armenian Evangelical Church was completed. The reconstruction was carried out at the expense of the national budget and churchgoers donations.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held several working meetings:

with the representative of the Harmony and Social Stabilization Committee in Idlib demilitarized zone. During the meeting, the politico-military and socio-economic situation in the Idlib de-escalation and demilitarization zones was discussed;

with governor of Idlib to discuss refugee settlement in Hama.

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