Bulletin Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (December 5, 2018)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 604 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 115 people (34 women and 58 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 489 people (147 women and 250 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 55,916 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
27,818 refugees have left Lebanon, with 16,711 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,020 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 4,399 via Talkalakh;
28,089 people (8,452 women and 14,317 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for December 1, 2018 there are still 6,647,614 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,284 women and 3,390,283 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,318,066 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,591,714, Lebanon - 952,562, Jordan - 672,578, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 131,504, Iraq - 251,793, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 285,196 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (85,580 women, 145,348 children).
Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 207 Syrians returned back to:
Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 31 people (12 women and 9 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 137,335 people (41,318 women, 68,391 children);
176 people (women - 55, children - 63), 7 vehicles and 1 head of cattle returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 25,803 people (women – 8,761 children 12,153), 1,239 vehicles and 2,176 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 40,645 people (women – 12,971, children 19,094), 4,575 vehicles and 50,452 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,258,571 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (379,121 women, 639,873 children). Since January 1, 2018, 176,209 IDPs (54,123 women, 87,490 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Akraba - two, Daraa province, Kafr-et-Tun - two, Hama province, Slim - two, al-Suwayda province) a manufacturing facility in Hama and a power station in Bokzata were put into operation.
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Marrat (Deir ez-Zor province) and Kreya (al-Suwayda province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Marrat –a wheeled crane, a dump truck, 18 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 9 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 630kg of lime and filling, 950m of water pipes, 1,150m of electric cables to overhaul four houses, a bakery and a water pump station;
Kreya – an excavator, a grader, a dump truck, 25 windows, 14 cu m of brick, 17 cu m of cement, 7 tons of building bars, 1,100kg of lime and filling, 1,750m of water pipes, 2,300m of electric cables to overhaul five houses, a medical station and a power station.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
708 medical and 117 educational organizations have been recovered;
five road bridges and 925 km of roads were recovered (2km - over the past day);
840 km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day);
546 power substations, 105 water supply facilities, 119 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,241 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.
Currently, in 335 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra work is underway to overhaul 206 schools, 182 kindergartens, 188 bakeries, 222 water pump stations, 192 power substations, 180 medical centres, 2,079 houses and 91 places of worship.
Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Hmeimat-Ed-Dayer, Aleppo province, to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.16 tons.
Besides, the Kadyrov Regional Public Fund distributed a ton of bread in Mustarihah, Aleppo province.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,009 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,151.28 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Twenty-nine civilians including 20 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 100,626 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Nafa, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Deir-Four, Sinjar, Talbiseh (Homs province).
12,3 ha of the territory were cleared. They found and defused 34 explosive devices including two improvised explosive devices.
In total: 1043.9 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 248.1km of roads. They found and defused 16,177 explosive devices including 5,330 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation process.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees headed by Local Administration Minister Hussein Makhlouf carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
The authorities of the SAR Ministry of Industry in 2019 deliberately put the metallurgical plant in Hama province to full capacity. After the completion of repair work, the performance of the plant will increase by 30% and exceed 200 tons of rolled metal products per day.
The Lattakia Provincial Administration directed 115 thousand dollars in order to assist farmers and private entrepreneurs.