Bulletin Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (December 4, 2018)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,002 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 158 people (48 women and 80 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 844 people (253 women and 430 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 55,312 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
27,703 refugees have left Lebanon, with 16,642 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,020 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 4,353 via Talkalakh;
27,609 people (8,305 women and 14,067 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,647,614 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,284 women and 3,390,283 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,318,066 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,591,714, Lebanon - 952,562, Jordan - 672,578, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 251,793, Egypt - 131,504, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 284,592 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (85,399 women, 145,040 children).
Ten CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 223 Syrians returned back to:
Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 32 people (11 women and 13 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 137,304 people (41,306 women, 68,382 children);
191 people (women - 60, children - 73), 14 vehicles and one head of cattle returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 25,627 people (women – 8,706 children 12,090), 1,232 vehicles and 2,175 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 40,645 people (women – 12,971, children 19,094), 4,575 vehicles and 50,452 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,258,364 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (379,054 women, 639,801 children). Since January 1, 2018, 176,002 IDPs (54,056 women, 87,418 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Six buildings were recovered over the past day (al-Zaafaraniyah (Homs province) - two, Arza (Hama province) - one, Batha (Aleppo province) - three), a school in Busra al-Harir (Daraa province) as well as a bakery in Ayra (al-Suwayda province) and Kabr-al-Sit (Damascus province).
In the province of al-Suweyda, work is underway to overhaul a complex of drainage channels more than 10 km long with a total cost of $ 1.8 million.
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Jebab (Daraa province), and Jayrud (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Jebab – a grader, a dump truck, 26 windows, 10 cu m of brick, 11 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 850kg of lime and filling, 1,650m of water pipes, 1,350m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses, a school and a medical point;
Jayrud – a excavator, a dump truck, a mobile drilling unit, 33 windows, 12 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 900kg of lime and filling, 3,150m of water pipes, 2,600m of electric cables, to overhaul seven houses, water supply station and a power station.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
117 medical and 708 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;
five road bridges and 923 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);
839km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day);
545 power substations (one over the past day), 105 water supply facilities, 119 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,240 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 335 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra work is underway to overhaul 206 schools, 182 kindergartens, 188 bakeries, 222 water pump stations, 192 power substations, 180 medical centres, 2,077 houses and 91 places of worship.
Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Samma, al-Suwayda province, to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.17 tons.
The Kadyrov Regional Public Fund held a charitable action in Karim Hun (Aleppo province). People received a ton of bread and 80 sets of clothing.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,008 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,149.12 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Forty-two civilians including 19 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 100,597 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Deir-Four, Sinjar, Tell Dawoud (Homs province).
13,3 ha of the territory were cleared. They found and defused 30 explosive devices including one improvised explosive device.
In total: 1,031.6 ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 245.4km of roads. They found and defused 16,143 explosive devices including 5,328 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation process.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees headed by Local Administration Minister Hussein Makhlouf carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held working meetings with local administration of Deir ez-Zor administration to discuss rehabilitation of social infrastructure.