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03.12.2018 (15:50)

Bulletin Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (December 3, 2018)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 718 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 172 people (52 women and 88 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 546 people (164 women and 279 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 54,310 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

27,545 refugees have left Lebanon, with 16,547 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,020 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 4,290 via Talkalakh;

26,765 people (8,052 women and 13,637 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,647,614 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,284 women and 3,390,283 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,318,066 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,591,714, Lebanon - 952,562, Jordan - 672,578, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 251,793, Egypt - 131,504, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 283,590 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (85,098 women, 144,530 children).

Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 958 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 29 people (11 women and 11 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 137,272 people (41,295 women, 68,369 children);

215 people (women - 67, children - 92) and 15 vehicles returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 25,436 people (women – 8,646 children 12,017), 1,218 vehicles and 2,174 heads of cattle.

In total 714 refugees (302 women and 158 children), 34 vehicles and 1,420 heads of cattle have passed via the Abu al-Duhur CP from the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 40,645 people (women – 12,971, children 19,094), 4,575 vehicles and 50,452 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,258,141 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (378,983 women, 639,715 children). Since January 1, 2018, 175,779 IDPs (53,985 women, 87,332 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Gizin - one (Hama province), Kafr Laha - four (Homs province), Kafar-Akkar - two (Aleppo province)), as well as a power station in Nawa (Hama province) was put into operation.

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Nashabiyah (Damascus province), and Bisin (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Nashabiyah - a tractor, a dump truck, 950 kg of fishing materials, 12 tons of building bars, 16 windows, 12 cu m of cement, 1,250m of water pipes, 4,500 of electric cables, 14 cu m of brick to recover three houses, a kindergarten and a power supply station;

Bisin – a dump truck, a drilling unit, 19 windows, 15 cu m of brick, 13 cu m of cement, 1,150kg of lime and filling, 2,900m of water pipes, 1,200m of electric cables and 13 tons of building bars to overhaul six houses, a medical centre and a water well.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

116 medical and 707 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 922 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);

838km of power line have been installed (2km - over the past day);

544 power substations (one over the past day), 105 water supply facilities, 118 bakeries, 14,240 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 328 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, al-Suwayda, Daraa and al-Quneitra work is underway to overhaul 206 schools, 182 kindergartens, 187 bakeries, 222 water pump stations, 192 power substations, 179 medical centres, 2,075 houses and 90 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

The Kadyrov Regional Public Fund held a charitable action in Karim Hun (Aleppo province). People received a ton of bread and 80 sets of clothing.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,007 humanitarian actions, delivering  3,146.95 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Moreover, 397 civilians including 105 children received first medical aid in the towns of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province) and Abu-al-Duhur (Idlib province).

In total, 100,555 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Deir-Four, Sinjar, Tell Dawoud (Homs province).

12 ha of the territory were cleared. They found and defused 34 explosive devices including one improvised explosive device.

In total: 1,018.3ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 245.4km of roads. They found and defused 16,113 explosive devices including 5,327 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation process.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees headed by Local Administration Minister Hussein Makhlouf  carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

In the Homs area, one of the country's largest livestock farms was restored and 660 cows of Germanic meat and dairy breeds were purchased for it.

The provincial administration of Damascus is taking measures to support farmers in the Barada valley to increase production. Work is underway to restore irrigation canals, wells and wells, which will increase the level of agricultural production by 12%.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

with the head of the security committee Aleppo to clarify lists of socially significant objects;

with local administration of Deir ez-Zor province to discuss rehabilitation of social infrastructure.

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