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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (July 10, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,237 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 314 people (108 women and 183 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 923 people (240 women and 409 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 299,072 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

98,966 refugees have left Lebanon (29,314 women and 49,492 children), with 59,060 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 32,872 via Talkalakh;

200,106 people (60,066 women and 102,042 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for June 3, 2019 there are still 6,647,187 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,994,156 women and 3,390,065 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,317,503 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,614,108, Lebanon - 935,454, Jordan - 664,330, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 528,352 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (158,569 women, 269,357 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

four in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb, Suran);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 14 Syrians returned back to:

No people to the Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province); Since September 30, 2015 – 142,104 people (42,540 women, 69,755 children);

Fourteen people (women - 5, children - 6) to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,115 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,418 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

no refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 19,096 people (women – 5,317, children 9,461), 1,196 vehicles and 4,851 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 16,097 people (women 4,624, children 6,334), 716 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,301,839 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (386,572 women, 648,781 children). Since January 1, 2019, 33,243 IDPs (4,013 women, 5,015 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Four buildings were recovered over the past day (Qub al-Hat - one, Hama province, Sheniya - two, Homs province, Usmaniyah - one, Homs province) and a water pump station in Medaiya (Damascus province) and a bakery in Kafer Shams (Darra province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Jebab (Daraa province), and Jayrud (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Jebab – a grader, a dump truck, 26 windows, 10 cu m of brick, 11 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 850kg of lime and filling, 1,650m of water pipes, 1,350m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses, a school and a medical point;

Jayrud – a excavator, a dump truck, a mobile drilling unit, 33 windows, 12 cu m of brick, 12 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 900kg of lime and filling, 3,150m of water pipes, 2,600m of electric cables, to overhaul seven houses, water supply station and a power station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

178 medical and 874 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,069 km of roads were recovered (0.2 km - over the past day);

987.8km of power line have been installed (0.3 km - over the past day);

684 power substations, 154 water supply facilities (one over the past day), 217 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,419 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,536 houses, 222 schools, 165 kindergartens, 190 bakeries, 249 water pump stations, 209 power substations, 211 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Aleppo to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.42 tons.

Besides, the Kadyrov Regional Public Fund distributed a ton of bread in Aleppo city.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,160 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,476.56 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Nine civilians including two children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,445 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 34 explosive devices.

In total: 2,270.6ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 23,454 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

in Aleppo (in the Jamilia district) with the Deputy Governor of Aleppo province on social issues, on the dynamics of the restoration of the infrastructure of Aleppo province and the specification of data on settlements ready to receive refugees;

in Aleppo (in the Jamilia district) with the chairman of the Ba'ath Party of Aleppo province on summarizing humanitarian and charity events in Aleppo province and identifying areas requiring humanitarian aid;

in Daraa with the head of the administration of the Daraa province on the delivery of weapons and arrangement of the people who have tried on, the procedure for issuing documents to them.

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