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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (May 27, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,154 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 407 people (118 women and 200 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 747 people (202 women and 343 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 235,841 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

82,536 refugees have left Lebanon (24,360 women and 41,079 children), with 49,204 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 26,298 via Talkalakh;

153,305 people (46,021 women and 78,173 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,659,752 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,997,926 women and 3,396,474 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,330,204 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,621,330, Lebanon - 944,613, Jordan - 660,393, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 465,121 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (130,449 women, 221,579 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb); one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

In the interests of the safe withdrawal of refugees from the Idlib de-escalation zone, in addition to the existing Abu Al-Dukhur checkpoint, it is planned to open a new Suran checkpoint. .

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 15 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 10 people (4 women and 4 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 142,077 people (43,022 women, 70,185 children);

Five people (women - 1, children - 3) to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,041 people (women – 14,100 children 18,767), 2,411 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

no refugees passed through the Jleb checkpoint (Homs province). Since February 19, 2019, in total, 16,185 people (women – 4,124, children 8,042), 984 vehicles and 4,511 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Rukban camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 13,337 people (women 3,229, children 6,034), 561 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,298,827 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (391,233 women, 656,481 children). Since January 1, 2019, 30,231 IDPs (8,674 women, 12,715 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day: Seven buildings have been recovered over the past day (Osman (Daraa province) - three, Bayt-Sawa (Damascus province) - four), and a power station in Taqsis (Hama province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Arak (Homs province), and Rusheida (al-Suwayda province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Arak –  a dump truck, 11 windows, 9 cu m of brick, 6 cu m of cement, 5 tons of building bars, 500kg of lime and filling, 400m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul eight houses, and a medical centre;

Rusheida –  a excavator, 17 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 7 cu m of cement, 9 tons of building bars, 550kg of lime and filling, 300m of water pipes, 500m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, a school and a medical centre.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

168 medical and 856 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,048.8 km of roads were recovered (0.3km - over the past day);

968.4 km of power line have been installed (0.4 km - over the past day);

646 power substations (one over the past day), 143 water supply facilities, 196 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,305 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,457 houses, 219 schools, 168 kindergartens, 198 bakeries, 247 water pump stations, 207 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Maaririn (Hama province) to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.16 tons.

. In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,123 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,392.48 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Five civilians including a child received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,128 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

3.3 ha of the territory. They found and defused 26 explosive devices.

In total: 2,157.4ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 21,948 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

in Damascus with the assistant Minister of Internal Affairs to discuss the situation in the southern provinces of Syria;

with the representative of the Harmony and Social Stabilization Committee in Idlib demilitarized zone.

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