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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (May 13, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 984 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 314 people (80 women and 137 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 670 people (182 women and 310 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 222,038 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

77,524 refugees have left Lebanon (23,405 women and 39,456 children), with 46,197 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 24,293 via Talkalakh;

144,514 people (43,383 women and 73,691 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for November 1, 2018 there are still 6,659,752 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 1,997,926 women and 3,396,474 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,330,204 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,646,889, Lebanon - 946,291, Jordan - 670,238, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 451,318 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (135,446 women, 230,069 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 722 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 6 people (2 women and 3 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,946 people (42,367 women, 69,589 children);

No people to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 41,015 people (women – 14,091 children 18,751), 2,410 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

716 people (women - 224, children - 300), 34 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 15,108 people (women – 4,124, children 7,589), 908 vehicles and 4,331 heads of cattle.

716 people (women - 224, children - 300), 34 vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence the Rukban refugee camp. Since March 23, 2019, in total 12,292 people (women 3,453, children 6,334), 500 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,297,593 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (385,249 women, 647,245 children). Since January 1, 2019, 28,997 IDPs (9,113 women, 13,359 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,502,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 413 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Seven buildings have been recovered over the past day (Zerba (Aleppo province) - three, Rhaiya (Hama province) - two, Qreiya (al-Suwayda province) - two), and a bakery in Eastern Qalamoun (Damascus province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Nemra (al-Suwayda province), and Jayrud (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Nemra –  a grader, 12 windows, 7 cu m of brick, 6 cu m of cement, 2 tons of building bars, 200kg of lime and filling, 400m of water pipes, 1,500m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses and a power station;

Jayrud – an excavator, a dump truck, 6 cu m of bricks, 14 windows, 5 cu m of cement, 8 tons of building bars, 350kg of lime and filling, 1,500m of water pipes, 1,600m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses, a medical post and a bakery.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

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Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

165 medical and 851 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,042.2 km of roads were recovered (0.3km - over the past day);

963.6 km of power line have been installed (0.4 km - over the past day);

638 power substations, 141 water supply facilities, 189 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,305 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,444 houses, 219 schools, 169 kindergartens, 200 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 205 power substations, 204 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

. In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,113 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,366.53 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Three people received medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 105,041 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), Nafa (Damascus province).

2,9 ha of the territory. They found and defused 29 explosive devices.

In total: 2,122ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 21,215 explosive devices including 5,388 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting with the chairman of the Committee for the Stabilization of Social Situation in the Idlib Demilitarized Zone

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