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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (April 11, 2019)

I. Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,167 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 432 people (130 women and 220 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 735 people (221 women and 375 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 185,572 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

66,262 refugees have left Lebanon (20,022 women and 33,713 children), with 39,440 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 19,788 via Talkalakh;

119,310 people (35,820 women and 60,836 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6 696 131 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,000,839 women and 3 415 027 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,366,583 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,646,889, Lebanon - 946,291, Jordan - 670,238, Germany - 534,011, Iraq - 253,085, Egypt - 132,162, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139 , Switzerland - 6,702, Cyprus - 5,899, Belgium - 3,982, Italy - 3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta - 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Iceland - 197, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 414,852 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (124,500 women, 211,471 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

II. Internal Displacement

It is reported that 564 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 32 people (12 women and 13 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,532 people (42,813 women, 69,994 children);

19 people (women - 4, children - 12) and five vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 40,735 people (women – 14,023 children 18,603), 2,368 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

513 people (women - 146, children - 268), 17 vehicles and 15 heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 4,498 people (women – 1,119, children - 2,160), 367 vehicles and 3,567 heads of cattle.

Besides, 459 people (129 women and 243 children), and 11 vehicles have left the Rukban camp. Since February 23, 2019, in total 2,284 people (women 580, children 1,142), 85 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,286,289 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (388,439 women, 651,390 children). Since January 1, 2019, 17,693 IDPs (5,880 women, 7,624 children).

III. Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
 

IV. Infrastructure Rehabilitation

During the day, restored six residential buildings (Aqraba (province of Daraa) - two, Kafer al-Tun (Hama province) - one, Slim (al-Suwayda province) - two, Beyt-Nayem (Damascus province) - one), enterprise industry in Hama (Hama province) and in bakery Bokzata (Quneitra province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Rasm-al-Harmal (Aleppo province) and Beyt-Nayem (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Rasm-al-Harmal – a tractor, a dump truck, 39 windows, 16 cu m of brick, 15 cu m of cement, 950kg of lime and filling, 2,500m of water pipes, 1800m of electric cables and 12 tons of building bars to overhaul 11 houses, a power station and a water pump station.

Beyt-Nayem – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 25 windows, 28 cu m of brick, 21 cu m of cement, 15 tons of building bars, 1,350kg of lime and filling, 1,480m of water pipes, 1,080m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and a bakery.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

154 medical and 842 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,030.5 km of roads were recovered (0.3km - over the past day);

951.8km of power line have been installed (0.2 km - over the past day);

625 power substations, 136 water supply facilities, 177 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,264 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,378 houses, 213 schools, 172 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 248 water pump stations, 205 power substations, 201 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,096 humanitarian actions, . delivering 3,333.78 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

No civilians received first medical aid in the towns of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 104,907 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

VI. Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra, Kafar-Shams, Inkhil (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).

3.6 ha of the territory. They found and defused 35 explosive devices.

In total: 2,039.4ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 20,117 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

VII. Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Syria's leadership is taking steps to ensure that the internal energy market. Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Protection of the Syrian Arab Republic has approved the creation of a national oil and gas service company, the Yasmin is headquartered in Damascus, which will specialize in construction and repairing pumping stations for the hydrocarbon production equipment.

The volume of exports through the Jabir-Nasib checkpoint from the beginning of this year amounted to more than 2,300,000 USD. The list of goods, which in addition to Jordan also sent to Sudan, Egypt, Iraq and the Persian Gulf, includes fruits, vegetables and their products. During this period, the regulatory authorities of the republic issued 68 licenses and permits for the import of materials from abroad and components for the chemical, manufacturing and agricultural sectors, totaling about 20.5 million USD.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held two working meetings:

In Damascus, the commander of the 3rd Tank Division of the Syrian Arab Republic armed forces on the issue of ensuring the security of refugees passing through the Jleb checkpoint;

In Aleppo, with the chief of the military security of the committee to clarify the work with the local government and handling applications from citizens of the Syrian Arab Republic.

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