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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (April 10, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,695 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 846 people (253 women and 431 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 849 people (255 women and 433 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 184,405 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

65,830 refugees have left Lebanon (19,892 women and 33,493 children), with 39,181 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4 ,46 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 19,615 via Talkalakh;

118,575 people (35,599 women and 60,461 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,696,131 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,000,839 women and 3,415,027 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,366,583 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,646,889, Lebanon - 946,291, Jordan - 670,238, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,165, Iraq - 253,085, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 413,685 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (124,149 women, 210,876 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 86 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 38 people (15 women and 13 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,500 people (42,801 women, 69,981 children);

24 people (women - 6, children - 13) and six vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 40,716 people (women – 14,019 children 18,591), 2,363 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

24 people (women - 11, children - 3), 6 vehicles and 25 heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 3,985 people (women – 973, children 1,892), 350 vehicles and 3,552 heads of cattle.

No refugees have left the Rukban camp over the past day. Since February 23, 2019, in total 1,825 people (women 548, children 931), 47 vehicles have left the area.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,285,725 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (388,277 women, 651,097 children). Since January 1, 2019, 17,129 IDPs (5,718 women, 7,331 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

During the day, restored five apartment houses:

 Jasim (Daraa province) - one, Kusham (province of Deir ez-Zor) - one, Mahardeh (Hama province) - one, Beit Hayem (Damascus province) - two;

a medical centre in Jebab (Daraa province) and a power substation in Qayrun (Hama province).

The estimation of the state of infrastructure, social facilities and availability of stocks of building materials in al-Sanameyn (Daraa province) and Shahba (al Suwayda province).

In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

al-Sanameyn - a bulldozer, an excavator, two wheeled cranes and three trucks, 19 windows , 14 m³ of bricks, 12 m³ of cement, 10 tons of building bars, 560 kg of finishing materials, 580 m water pipes, 790 m of the electric cable restore four residential houses, a water well and a bakery;

Shahba– a wheeled crane, a bulldozer, two dump trucks, 15 windows, 10 m³ of brick, 8 m³ of cement, 6 tons of building bars, 670kg of lime and filling, 480m of water pipes, 840m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses and a water well.

Syria's Ministry of Health as part of the plan for recovery of health services contributed to the renovation of the hospital in Tadmor (province of Homs) of the amount of 300,000 USD.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

restored 842 educational and 154 (per day - one) health care facilities;

five road bridges and 1,030,2 km of roads were recovered (0.5km - over the past day);

laid 951.2 kilometers (per day - 0.6 km) of transmission lines;

625 power substations (one over the past day), 136 water supply facilities, 176 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,263 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,367 houses, 213 schools, 172 kindergartens, 196 bakeries, 247 water pump stations, 204 power substations, 201 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

During the last days of the Russian side in Arbil (province of Damascus) and Ashrafiya (province of Aleppo) held two humanitarian actions so that people in need received 1,000 food sets with a total weight of 4.33 tons.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,096 humanitarian actions, . delivering 3,333.78 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

The Syrian Red Crescent Society delivered to the refugee camp of al-Hol (province Hasakah) humanitarian aid in the form of 1,500 food sets, 2,000 warm blankets and other essential items.

In total, 104,907 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Jasim, al-Harra, Kafar-Shams, Inkhil (Daraa province), Douma (Damascus).

2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 26 explosive devices,

In total: 2,035.4ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 20,082 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held five working meetings:

In Damascus, a chief adviser on political affairs office of the UN Special Envoy for Syria, in order to determine the possible evacuation of refugees from the Rukban camp, and with the head of the military police on the situation in the southern provinces of Syria;

in Khatlah (province of Deir ez-Zor) with representatives of the point for giving amnesty to people living on the left bank of the river. Euphrates to discuss analysis of the amnestied people in tribes, as well as self-defence troops;

in Aleppo with Deputy Governor to discuss rehabilitation social infrastructure;

in Hama with the Deputy Governor of the province on Public Affairs to discuss locations for humanitarian actions.

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